Adelboden seen from the Engstligenalp ago
Adelboden ( in the local dialect: [ ˌ ad̥əl b̥od̥ə ] ) is a municipality in the administrative district of Frutigen- Niedersimmental of the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
- 5.1 Agriculture
- 5.2 Tourism
- 5.3 traffic
- 6.1 Music
- 6.2 schools
- 7.1 floodplains
Adelboden lies in the west of the Bernese Oberland, at the end of Engstligentals which opens at Frutigen into the Kander Valley.
Adelboden is located at 1,350 m above sea level. Level, the highest point of the municipality is the Grossstrubel with 3'242 m above sea level. M. The lowest point is at 1,045 m above sea Engstligental. M.
The vegetation is subalpine and alpine: the slopes are often forested, the plateaus and terraces serve as pastures.
The main part of the village lies on a south-facing terrace overlooking the Engstligental. The municipality also includes the Bäuerten Ausserschwand floor, Gilbach, Hirzboden and Stigelschwand.
The most prominent mountains are Lohner ( 3'048 m above sea level. M. ), Tschingellochtighorn ( 2'735 m above sea level. M. ), Steghorn ( 3,146 m above sea level. M. ), Wildstrubel ( 3'242 m above sea level. M. ), Fitzer ( 2,458 m asl ), Tschenten ( 2,025 m above sea level, .. including cable ) and Gsür ( 2'708 m asl ). .
The current community name appears in 1409 ( in the valley Adelboden ) and probably comes from the plant designation needle grass, Alpenrispengras ( Poa alpina) 'whose antecedent to the genus word soil, deeper located, flat land, valley, plateau ' has been connected. Starting in 1350 occupied the forest, until the first half of the 20th century the village was known as Kilchschwand, Innerschwand or simply Schwandstrasse, which points to the location in a clearing caused by clearing for the locality its name.
Belonging to Adelboden Alpine Engstligenalp and Silleren were first mentioned in the 13th century. The inhabitants of the Engstligentals were designated as forest people. In the 15th century Adelboden got its own church, and about 50 householders vouched for the salary of the pastor. In the 16th century Adelboden joined the Reformation, the Catholic priest fled across the Hahnenmoospass to continue Catholic Fribourg region.
Until the twentieth century, there were no closed in Adelboden village, the village consisted of scattered settlements in the Bäuerten Hirzboden, Bonderle, soil, Stiegelschwand, Innerschwand ( on the territory of present-day village core ) and Ausserschwand. The only way to Frutigen led high up on the right side of the valley along. The peasant population lived from cattle breeding and dairy farming and moved during the year from the valley of the Alps and back - even in the 1920s the two richest farmers of Adelboden each had just eight cows in the barn. A common very modest additional income was the making of matchboxes, what the poor families including children worked until late into the night.
1873, the first boarding house was built, the present Hotel Hari im Schlegeli. In 1884 the new access road along the Engstlige was finished, 1887 was the hotel Wildstrubel and soon other hotels, at first only for summer operation. 1901 led the Grand Hotel as a first winter season, and in the following years led tourism to a marked increase in the population. In the 1930s, the cable car was built on the Engstligenalp.
Language is German, strictly speaking Adelbodetütsch, a very specific, höchstalemannischer dialect of the Bernese Oberland with allusions to the primitive Valais dialect.
Refurbished 81.54 % Roman Catholic 4.77 % Free Churches 13.63 %
The Frutigland is one of the Bernese regions where Protestant Free Churches play an essential role.
Legislature is taking place twice a year church meeting. Executive is the council with nine members, who are all volunteers.
The voting shares of the parties at the national elections of 2011 were: SVP 41.7 %, 20.0% EDU, BDP 10.4 %, EPP 8.9 %, SP 6.4 %, FDP 4.9 %, 3.3 % glp, GPS 2.2 %, CVP 0.2 %.
In Adelboden prevails a mixture of agriculture, industry ( construction companies, mineral spring mineral Adelbodner ) and tourism. Jobs there are in the hospitality industry (about 490 people), other services (approximately 500 persons ), construction ( about 310 people), car industry ( about 30 people ) in which mineral spring (about 45 people) and in agriculture ( full-time about 45 people).
Adelboden has still many farms, primarily livestock and dairy farming, with the majority of the peasants still pursues a sideline. There are 3000 head of cattle in the community, spend the majority of the summer on the numerous members of the community Alps as Silleren, Engstligenalp or Furggi. The Kuhrechte these Alps are highly sought after and the Alps are, in contrast to other areas, all hosted. In the Alps Bernese cheese is produced, a hard cheese that is named after two years of storage than sliced cheese. It is mostly sold directly to private, partially also at local restaurants and shops - outside of Adelboden he is not available.
In Adelboden, there are 24 hotels with 1291 beds, 800 apartments with 10,000 beds, 28 group accommodation with 830 beds, 3 campsites and 40 restaurants. Is unusual for a Swiss resort that three hotels belong to the Association of Christian Hotels and put together 25% of hotel beds and 33 % of nights.
In the summer there are 300 km of hiking trails, from simple walks to alpine ferrata. Numerous mountain paths lead into the air. Additional services exist in the form of mountain bike routes, aircraft model, paragliding, tennis courts, spa treatments and more.
On 9 July 2005 Adelboden was certified as the first Alpine Wellness holiday resort of Switzerland.
The ski region Adelboden -Lenk includes 56 transport facilities with more than 170 km of slopes for all levels, including the World Cup giant slalom piste on the Chuenisbärgli. There are 23 km of cross country ski trails, 74 km of winter hiking trails and a Kunsteiszentrum ( with ice rink and facilities for curling and curling ). Next is the " Kuonisbergli » ( Chuenisbärgli ) in Adelboden since 1956, one of the venues of the FIS Ski World Cup.
In Adelboden is located with the Girl Scouts Centre Our Chalet is one of the four World Centres of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts.
As a tourist hallmark of Adelboden applies the dialect song " Bird Lisi ", which originated in the 1950s in Adelboden. After the song, many things are named in Adelboden.
Adelboden is located at a dead end, so there is no through traffic. Into the valley of Adelboden to get from Spiez ( motorway A6 Berne ) or Kandersteg (car Wallis / Italy) on the main road for Frutigen -Adelboden.
Frutigen is a station of the Lötschberg line. From there, there are usually hourly connection of the car transport company Frutigen- Adelboden ( AFA). Adelboden has numerous mountain railways and local bus routes to Ausserschwand and soil under the Birg ( - Engstligenalp ). The Stiegelschwand is operated by horse-drawn carriages. On foot you can of Engstligenalp ( cable car) come via Chindbettipass to Gemmipass and the Valais, on the Hahnenmoospass ( cable car) into the Simmental or the Bonderchrinde into the Kander Valley.
- Late Gothic village church from the 15th century with frescoes from the 15th century stained glass windows by Augusto Giacometti in 1936.
- Chamber Music Festival
- Alpine Choir meeting Engstligenalp (last Sunday in August)
In Adelboden, there are primary school, junior high school and high school.
- Engstligen: the Engstlige plunges almost 400 meters in depth and forms one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the Bernese Oberland. Impressively the Alpaufzug is in the summer when 350 cows and oxen pull next to the waterfall on the narrow mule track through the rock wall to the top.
- Engstligenalp: Plateau at 2000 m altitude, wheelchair accessible trail
- Choleren: deeply incised, walkable
- Chuenisbärgli, toughest giant slalom of the FIS World Cup, 2005/06 newly built chairlift with mountain station, cozy mountain restaurant
- Furggi, highest Alp
In the area of Adelboden there since 2003, three protected riparian areas of national importance:
- Engstligenalp ( alpine alluvial plain ), no. 1352
- Horn Brugg at the end of Gilbachtals ( subalpine floodplain ), no. 323
- Lochweid back of the Tschententals ( montane floodplain ), no. 324
- Jacob Aellig (1922-2007), author and publisher of home letter from Adelboden
- Peter Aellig (* 1953), skier (slalom ) and farmer
- Alfred Baertschi (1890-1976), teacher and editor of the book Adelboden
- Christian Baertschi ( born 1939 ), educator, columnist and co-editor Heimatbrief
- Erwin Burn ( born 1957 ), civil engineer, entrepreneur and EDU- Grand Council 1994-2011
- Hans Burn ( b. 1965 ), disabled skiers
- Frieda Dänzer (* 1931), skier
- Josy Doyon - Hofstetter (1932-2011), mountain farmer and writer
- Margrit Fankhauser, Reformed pastor and author
- Hildi Hari- Wäfler (* 1935), Salvation Army officer and author
- Konrad Hari ( born 1940 ), hotelier and EPP Grossrat
- Konrad Hari (born 1978 ), skier
- Erwin Josi (* 1955), skier ( downhill )
- Willy Klopfenstein (1921-2002), ski jumpers
- Marlies Oester (born 1976 ), skier
- Hans piers (* 1962), skier, entrepreneurs and FIS race director
- Adolf rosti ( * 1947 ), skier
- Fred Rubi, (1926-1997) skier, spa director, mayor and SP National
- Brothers Schmid, ski pioneers
- Fritz Tschannen (1920-2011), ski jumpers
- Annerösli Zryd (* 1949), skier