The city of Guiyang (Chinese贵阳 市/贵阳 市, pinyin Guiyang Shì ) is the capital of Guizhou Province in southwest China. The city is also called Lincheng (林 城, Lincheng, Forest City ').
- 7.1 industry
- 7.2 Railway
- 7.3 street
- 7.4 Air
Guiyang is located in the center of Guizhou Province in the east of the Yunnan -Guizhou Plateau on the north bank of the Nanming River which is a tributary of the Wu Jiang. The city lies at an altitude of 1,070 meters above sea level. NN in a plateau surrounded by mountains.
The city of Guiyang is composed of six districts (of which three form the "downtown" ) together, three circles and a circle-free city:
- Municipality Nanming (南明 区), 89 km ², about 490,000 inhabitants (2003 ), "downtown", the seat of the city government;
- Municipality Yunyan (云岩 区), 68 km ², about 560,000 inhabitants (2003 ), "downtown";
- City District Xiaohe (小河 区), 38 km ², approximately 110,000 inhabitants (2003 ), "downtown";
- Huaxi township (花溪 区), 986 km ², 320,000 inhabitants (2003 );
- Municipality Wudang (乌当 区), 962 km ², 290,000 inhabitants (2003 );
- Baiyun District (白云 区), 260 km ², 170,000 inhabitants (2003 );
- Circle Kaiyang (开阳县), 2026 km ², approximately 420,000 inhabitants (2003 );
- Circle Xiuwen (修 文 县), 1076 km ², 290,000 inhabitants (2003 );
- Xifeng county (息烽 县), 1037 km ², 250,000 inhabitants (2003 );
- Qingzhen City (清镇 市), 1492 km ², approximately 500,000 inhabitants.
Guiyang has a subtropical humid monsoon climate with mild winters and hot summers. The average annual temperature is 15.6 ° C.
Ethnic structure of the population Guiyang (2000)
At the census in 2000 had 3,718,449 inhabitants Guiyang.
In the area of the present town of Guiyang already existed during the Han dynasty, an urban settlement. The city itself was founded in 1283, during the Yuan Dynasty as a military base. My former name Shunyuan (顺 元) means the yuan faithful.
During the Ming Dynasty, the city was called Xinggui and was surrounded by the city walls are still partially preserved. The present name Guiyang got the city in the early years of the Chinese Republic in 1913.
Since 1941 Guiyang is a city.
Pavilion of the literati
From the 1,300 -meter-high Qianling Mountain (黔灵山Qianling Shan) one has a good view of the city Guiyang. On it is the Hongfu Temple, which was founded in the Qing Dynasty in 1672.
The Qianlingshan Park ( Qianlingshan Gong Yuan黔灵 公园) is located 1.5 kilometers northwest of the city and covers an area of about 300 hectares.
On Qiangling mountain is the temple of the Great Happiness ( Hongfu Si), behind the obelisk is dedicated to the victims of the civil war.
In the cave of the Unicorn ( Qianlin Dong ) held the Guomindang some years the generals Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng caught who were involved in 1937 in the capture of Chiang Kai- shek ( Xi'an Incident ).
Economy and Transport
This industrial city of Guiyang is the economic center of the province of Guizhou. The GNP per capita in 2003 was ¥ 11,728 (about 1200 euros ).
Guiyang is located in the midst of important natural resources. Mining is therefore an important industry. Also for the processing industry, such as the iron and steel industry (especially non-ferrous metals, aluminum), fertilizer production, and engineering Guiyang is an important location. In addition there are there companies in the textile industry. Much of the electricity is generated by many hydroelectric power stations on the nearby rivers.
Guiyang is the center of the road network of the province of Guizhou. In addition, performs a highway from Guiyang to the port of Beihai in Guangxi.
The international airport in Guiyang Longdongbao connects with other Chinese cities and Hong Kong.
Science and Culture
The largest further leading institution of Guiyang, the University and Technical University of Guizhou, whose precursor was founded in 1902. The university has 20 faculties and today about 32,000 full-time students.
- Japan Eniwa, Japan, since 1986
- New Zealand Palmerston North, New Zealand, since 1992
- United States Fort Worth, United States, since 2010
- Xu Huaiwen, ( born August 2, 1975), German badminton player of Chinese origin