Iitate (Japanese饭馆 村, -mura ) is a village community in the district Sōma in Fukushima Prefecture in Japan.
Iitate is located in Abukuma Highlands (阿 武 隈 高地, Abukuma Kochi). The largest peak is the Hanazuka -yama (花 冢 山) with 918.5 m on the western border to Kawamata.
The largest lake is the Hayama- ko (はやま 湖), which was created 34 years after the project planning as a reservoir of mono- dam (真野 ダム, mono- damu ) 1991. Tributary is the mono- gawa (真 野 川). In the south of the Nitta -gawa River system (新 田 川), which at its tributary Iitoi -gawa (饭 樋 川)野 手上is at Iwabe Dam (岩部 ダム, Iwabe - damu ) and at Notegami -gawa on Notegami Dam (川, Notegami - damu ) - also Fugane dam (風兼 ダムcalled Fugane - damu ) - is dammed to two much smaller lakes.
The community consists of 20 hamlets, up to Nagadoro (长 泥) and Warabidaira (蕨 平) all go back to pre-modern villages (see history section).
Neighboring municipalities are Sōma in the northeast, Minamisoma in the east, in the south Namie, Kawamata the southwest and west and Date in the northwest.
The community Iitate was taken on September 30, 1956 from the union of two villages iISO (饭 曽 村) and Otate (大 馆 村), of which the name was derived, as it happened in the past in these two villages: iISO was on April 1, 1889 from Iitoi (饭 樋 村) and Hiso (比 曽 村), and Otate on April 1, 1967 from OSU (大 须 村) and Niitate (新 馆 村).
OSU in turn was formed on April 1, 1889 from Okura (大 仓 村, dt " great camp " ) and Sasu (佐 须 村, dt " necessary help ") and Niitate from Kusano (草 野村, dt " grass field"), Yagisawa (八 木 沢 村, dt "river with lots of trees / eight tree species " ), Ashimata (? ,芦 股 村, dt " reed fork " ), Sekisawa (关 沢 村, dt "Barrier River " ), Numadaira (沼 平 村, dt "flat morass, Morastebene " ), Komiya (小 宫 村, dt " small shrine " ), Itamizawa (伊丹 沢 村) and Fukaya (深谷 村, dt " deep valley ").
In addition, ( " stone bridge "石桥村, dt ) was born on April 1, 1967 Ishibashi incorporated in iISO, which was formed on April 1, 1889 from Usuishi (臼 石村, dt " mortar stone " ), Nimaibashi (二枚 桥村, dt. " two bridges " ), Maeda (前 田村, dt " Vorreisfeld " ), Sugaya (须 萱 村, dt "necessary reeds " ), Sekine (关 根 村) and Matsuzuka (松 冢 村, dt " pine grave ( hill ) ").
These original 18 villages from before the national reorganization of the municipal system on April 1, 1889 until today with their names (except Ashimata, now Ashihara (芦 原, dt " reed level " ) is, especially ashi homophonic with " foot, leg " is and the character of mata also, may designate ) survived in the districts ' femur step [ area ]. "
2004, placed the township against the general trend of incorporation, stepped out of the council meeting on the incorporation of Minamisoma after and pursued since independence a course.
Nuclear disaster in 2011
Iitate became famous worldwide due to the consequences of the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Despite a distance of 40 kilometers from the damaged nuclear power plant Iitate was one of the most radioactively contaminated areas. An analysis of soil samples in Fukushima Prefecture by far the highest contamination was detected (see: hotspot in Iitate in Article radiation exposure to the nuclear accidents at Fukushima ) on a farm in Iitate.
The International Atomic Energy Agency and Greenpeace urged the Japanese authorities to end of March 2011 to extend the evacuation of the area around the nuclear power plant in Iitate. On April 12, the Japanese government ordered the evacuation of Iitate and four neighboring towns. By the end of May, all residents must have left the place. The oldest resident of Iitate, a 102- year-old man, so was very depressed and committed suicide.
The nuclear disaster was a result of the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011 in which there was a death in the community.
Most important trunk road is the National Road 339 according to Iwaki or Nan'yō.
Iitate is not connected to the rail network.
The 918.5 -meter-high Hanazuka -yama on the western frontier, the 705.5 m high Toratori -yama (虎 捕 山) on the border of the district Ryōzanmachi - Ishida of date, and the 628.6 m high Notegami -yama (野手 上山) compared to the Notegami reservoir are among the 100 most beautiful mountains in the prefecture.
On the Hanazuka -yama of God Hanazukayama - daigongen (花 冢 山大 権 现) was worshiped. The mountain has a long history of mountaineers, on the one hand he was climbed to pray for rain, but also by Buddhist ascetics, as Ennin ( Shigaku - Daishi ). The mountain itself is distinguished by its large granite blocks on the top and its views of the Pacific Ocean, 35 km away.
The name of the Toratori -yama, "Tiger Fang Mountain", here comes that the bandit Tachibana no Sumitora (橘 墨 虎where Sumitora literally " ink Tiger " is the name ) of Minamoto no Yoriyoshi ( 988-1075 ) was caught. Minamoto had help with this by a white wolf, his honor in 1051 of the Shinto shrine Yamatsumi -jinja (山 津 见 神社) was established, while yamatsumi about " mountain god " means, who is worshiped here. At the southern foot of the mountain is the prayer hall ( haiden ), which is known for its many statues and white wolf 231 ceiling paintings with wolves. From this out, there is a path to the summit, on which the real sanctuary, the main hall ( dogs ) is located. However, the present buildings date from the Meiji period. Every year on the 17th day of the 10th lunar month is here a feast in honor of the mountain of God instead of the two days before a Fall Festival. Once the summit, and the 30 km from the Pacific Ocean can be seen.
Also on Notegami -yama, there is a shrine, the Notegami -jinja (野手 神 神社), in the five gods are worshiped, including one from the silk construction, Buddhist Marici sun god, a mountain god and a serpent god.
Located northwest of the town center there is the forest Sonmin no Mori (村民 の 森) with the campsite Ai no Sawa (あい の 沢) along a lake, whose promenade is one of the 50 most beautiful in the prefecture. From 2001 to 2005, a haiku contest was advertised annually on the subject of love, were set up with thousands of entries from across the country, the best 50 were selected annually by Madoka Mayuzumi and then immortalized in stone along the promenade.
In Iitate are the primary schools (饭馆 村 立X小学校, Iitate - sonritsu X shōgakkō ) Usuishi, Iitoi and Kusano, the middle school Iitate (饭馆 村 立 饭馆 中 学校, Iitate - sonritsu Iitate chūgakkō ) and the Iitate branch school of the prefectural agricultural high school Sōma ( 福岛 県 立 相 马 农业 高等学校 饭馆 校, Fukushima kenritsu Sōma nōgyō Kōtō Gakko Iitate -kō ).