Jilin City


Jilin (吉林市, Jilin Shì ) is a prefecture -level city in the province in the northeast of the People 's Republic of China. The city lies on the River Songhua Jiang, the city center about ten kilometers below the Fengman Dam, one of the major dams in China. The administrative area of the city has an area of ​​27,722 km ² and 4.29 million inhabitants ( end of 2004).

Administrative Divisions

The Jilin City is made up at the county level from four districts, a circle and four urban districts. These are:

  • City Chuanying (船营区), 711 km ², 450,000 inhabitants;
  • City Longtan District (龙潭区), 1209 km ², 500,000 inhabitants;
  • City Changyi District (昌邑 区), 865 km ², 590,000 inhabitants;
  • Municipality Fengman (丰满 区), 1032 km ², 250,000 inhabitants;
  • Yongji County (永吉县), 2625 km ², 390,000 inhabitants, capital: greater community Kouqian (口 前 镇);
  • Panshi City (磐石市), 3867 km ², 540,000 inhabitants;
  • Jiaohe City (蛟河 市), 6235 km ², 460,000 inhabitants;
  • Huadian City (桦甸 市), 6624 km ², 450,000 inhabitants;
  • Shulan City (舒兰 市), 4554 km ², 660,000 inhabitants.


Jilin is a fast growing industrial city with 1,885,165 inhabitants in 2005, in 1990 the population was still 1001486. Based in the city are mainly iron and steel processing plants and chemical industry, the food processing plays a major role.


Between January and February, frost builds up along the river Songhua Jiang in large quantities on the trees. This is caused by the mist rising from the river that freezes droplets at temperatures from -10 to -20 ° C. This is one of the four natural wonders of China.

This Jilin attracts every winter many tourists, especially from Japan, to who want to admire this natural phenomenon.


Jilin was founded in 1673 as a garrison town. 1913 received the light rail connection to Changchun. Like other cities in Manchuria also, Jilin came from 1931 to 1945 under Japanese occupation. The heavy industrial expansion of the city is attributed to a large extent the Japanese, who regarded Manchuria as its raw material storage.

On 13 November 2005, occurred in the petrochemical factory no. 101, the company PetroChina, a series of explosions that became known as chemical accident of Jilin. According to official sources, the river Songhua Jiang was infested with about 100 tons of benzene.

From 1927 to 1930, the later Korean dictator Kim Il-sung was living in the city and visited here a middle school. He was arrested in the fall of 1929. On his stay in Jilin, a statue.

Sons and daughters of the city