Karamay is a prefecture-level city in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. The city's name is derived from a natural asphalt mountain in the northeast of the city. 1955 was mined here from the first oil well, it is today one of the sights of the city. The administrative area of Karamay has an area of 7734 km ² and about 284 300 inhabitants ( end of 2005), of which 76.6 % Han Chinese, 14.7% Uyghur and 8.7% members of other, mainly turksprachiger peoples.
At county level, the city is made up of four city districts. These are:
- City District Karamay (克拉玛依 区), 3833 km ², 181 871 inhabitants ( 2006), the city center, seat of the city government;
- Municipality Dushanzi (独山子 区), 400 km ², 50,000 inhabitants;
- Municipality Baijiantan (白碱滩区), 1272 km ², 50,000 inhabitants;
- Municipality Orku (乌尔禾 区), 2229 km ², 10,000 inhabitants;
After the founding of the People 's Republic of China Karamay was the first undeveloped oil field in the country. Karamay is, in the language of the Uyghur " black oil ".
Karamay has a dry and up to 40 degrees of hot air in the summer. In winter the temperature can drop to below minus 25 degrees.
45.59277777777884.871111111111Koordinaten: 45 ° 36 'N, 84 ° 52 ' E
- Location in Xinjiang
- District -free city (China)