Marigny is a town in the French department of Jura in the Franche -Comté.
Marigny is located at 510 m above sea level. M., about 18 km east of the town of Lons -le- Saunier (air line). The scattered village extends in the Jura, in the Valley of the Combe d' Ain, on the eastern edge of the broad Ain valley at the foot of the plateau of Champagnole, north of Chalain.
The area of 11.99 km ² municipal area includes a portion of the French Jura. The western part of the area occupied by the broad valley of the Ain, the average at 500 m above sea level. M. lies. The river itself, which forms the western boundary is sunk with a 50 m deep valley in this level. To the south, the municipality area extends to the shores of Lac de Chalain and also covers the west of the lake located hill. It consists of moraine that was deposited here by the local glaciers during the Ice Age, which also created the basin of Chalain.
To the east of Marigny followed by a 80 m high step which leads on to the high plateau of Champagnole. This area is mostly covered with forest ( Forêt du Chanet and Bois de Marigny ) and is divided by the gullies of the village Bach of Marigny. With 628 m above sea level. M. is in the Forêt du Chanet reached the highest elevation of Marigny.
At the hamlet of Villard Marigny -sur- l'Ain include (520 m above sea level. M. ) on the plateau between Ain and Chalain as well as some individual farms. Neighboring communities of Marigny are Montigny -sur- l'Ain and Mont- sur- Monnet in north, Fontenu in the east, the south and Doucier Châtillon in the West.
The region around the Chalain was already inhabited during the Neolithic, the Bronze Age and Gallo-Roman times. Is first mentioned in the 12th century Marigny. The name goes back to the Gallo-Roman personal name Marin ( i ) us and means something like estate of Marin ( i ) us ( Mariniacum ). In the Middle Ages Marigny formed after cleavage of the reign Salins own little rule. Together with the Franche -Comté reached the village with the Peace of Nijmegen in 1678 to France. To a field change occurred in 1949 when the previously independent Villard -sur- l'Ain was incorporated into Marigny.
The village church of Marigny was built in the 18th century. From the 15th century the chapel Saint- Renobert comes. From the former seat of power are only a few remnants remain. Among the natural attractions include the Chalain.
With 183 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) Marigny is one of the small towns in the Jura. After the population had decreased significantly in the first half of the 20th century (1901 349 persons were still counted ), a slight increase in population was recorded since the early 1980s again.
Economy and infrastructure
Marigny was until well into the 20th century a predominantly coined by agriculture and forestry village. In addition, there are today some of the local small business enterprises. Meanwhile, the village has also changed into a residential community. Many workers are commuters who engage in the larger towns in the vicinity of their work.
The village is located off the major thoroughfares on a secondary road that leads from Doucier to Pont -du- Navoy. Another road connection with Fontenu.