﻿ Relative key

# Relative key

As a parallel keys is called in music theory major and minor keys, which are listed with the same sign. An overview of the parallel keys provides the circle of fifths.

They are called in English relative keys. The term parallel keys are in English also, but this is the name for Variant keys.

Example: D major and B minor have the same sign (two ♯: F # and C # ). One says:

• B minor is the relative minor of D major
• D major is the relative major of B minor

Parallel keys are always terzverwandte keys (H is a minor third lower than D, and D is a minor third higher than H).

The relative key removed triads are called parallel sounds. In the theory of functions parallel sounds are labeled with p or P, such as Tp = minor parallels the tonic major, Dp = minor parallel the major dominant, dP = major parallel to the minor dominant, etc.

The relative minor to the tonic is also called Tonikaparallele and coded according to their major and minor with Tp or tp.

Another type of Dur-/Moll-Verwandtschaft are the Variant keys.

## Relative minor

There is a minor key, which uses the same tones for each major key. This is called the relative minor to major key in question. Your tone is always a minor third below the major key.

In the circle of fifths of the shift to the minor third statement is supported by the capital letters ( major) are twisted just outside of the circle around them with the lowercase letters ( minor ) inside.

Examples:

Illustration and example for C-Dur/a-Moll:

Interval distances of the major scale (1 = whole tone, semitone = ½ ):

Interval distances of the minor scale (1 = whole tone, semitone = ½ ):

Comparison of the two interval patterns:

## Relative major

The relative major is the opposite of a relative minor.

To calculate the relative major to minor key, you must use the major key with the same sign. The root is then a minor third higher ( 1 ½ tone steps ). The relative major is so that the same clay material and the same sign. This will move the semitones of minor ( 2-3, 5-6) to major ( 3-4, 7-8).

In the circle of fifths of the shift to the minor third statement is supported by the capital letters ( major) are twisted just outside of the circle around them with the lowercase letters ( minor ) inside.

Example:

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