Richard Heinze ( born August 11, 1867 in Naumburg ( Saale), † August 22 1929 in Bad Wiessee ) was a German classical scholar, was a professor in Berlin ( 1900-1903 ), Königsberg ( 1903-1906 ) and Leipzig (1906 -1929 ) worked. He coined the Classics of the 20th century through his research on the originality of the Roman poets to their Greek models and through his text-critical and exegetical methods.
Richard Heinze, the younger brother of the politician Rudolf Heinze, attended St. Nicholas School in Leipzig and studied from 1885 to 1887 Classical Philology at the University of Leipzig by Otto Ribbeck. In 1887 he joined the University of Bonn, where he was influenced by Hermann Usener and Franz Bücheler. In 1889 he received his doctorate with a thesis on " de Horatio Bionis imitatore " at Usener, 1890 he passed the state examination. After a semester studying at the University of Berlin under Theodor Mommsen in 1892 he traveled to Italy for a year.
1893 Heinze habilitated at the University of Strasbourg with a work on the Greek philosopher Xenocrates. In Strasbourg, he was a lecturer, a friend of the philologist Georg Kaibel. In the winter of 1896/97 he went on a trip to Greece. In 1900 he went to Berlin as an associate professor. In 1903 he accepted a position as full professor at the University of Königsberg. In 1906 he moved to Frederick Marx's departure to Leipzig, where he taught until his death in 1929. Here he became friends with Eduard Norden. In 1922 he took over as successor to Georg Wissowa editorship of the magazine Hermes. After his death, Alfred Korte publisher.
Heinze's scientific effectiveness was influenced by his teachers in many ways. Mommsen had suggested him to study with the Roman State and Legal Affairs, Usener had made him familiar with the Hellenistic culture, philosophy and religion. Heinze was the first person who had the inherent power of the Roman writers in their adaptation of the Greek literature are thoroughly analyzed and appreciated. His reasoning for Virgil's originality made for a benevolent reception of the poet in Germany, which had been used in other European countries before. In his work Heinze helped his worked at Bücheler accuracy and fluency as well as his refined sense of taste Ribbeck.
Heinze's kind of text interpretation, and his method to understand historical studies were formative for the Classics of the 20th century.