Queen Alia International Airport
Royal Jordanian ( previously ALIA, Arabic الملكية الأردنية, DMG al - Malakiyya al - Urdunniyya ) is the national airline based in Amman, Jordan and hub on the local Queen Alia International Airport. She is a member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization and of the oneworld airline alliance.
Founding and first years
The State ALIA founded in December 1963 took over from themselves in economic difficulties Jordan Airways, a privately owned and independently operating subsidiary of Middle East Airlines, the route network and the two- Douglas DC -7B fleet.
For use on short-haul routes you procured two Handley Page HPR 7 Dart Herald, which were used until they are replaced by Sud Aviation Caravelle in 1965. With availability of the Caravelle as a versatile aircraft as of July 28, 1965 ALIA could expand its route network and to more distant destinations such as Rome and Paris. As support for the Caravelle ALIA rented between November 1966 and March 1967, some four-engined Vickers Viscount, which were subsequently replaced by also leased Fokker F-27.
In February 1968 ALIA then received her first F- 27th With the further expansion of the route network to more distant destinations in the Indian subcontinent ALIA procured two copies of the Boeing 707-320, the first of which machine was handed over on 26 January 1971. This aircraft followed on 30 November 1972, the first, purchased second hand Boeing 720- 030B. Successor of Caravelle to the medium-haul Boeing 727-200 was the first of these aircraft received ALIA on July 8, 1974.
The procured for use on routes to Western Europe and the Far East and from April 13, 1977 delivered Boeing 747 -200B proved to be uneconomical, so the smaller Lockheed L- met 1011-500 TriStar fleet from 11 September 1981.
As the first transatlantic goals were from 1984 New York City and Los Angeles, served each via Frankfurt or London. The year 1986 introduced the beginning of a comprehensive corporate renewal, resulting in a new corporate design, including the painting of the aircraft and the change in the name of ALIA, Royal Jordanian Airlines was reflected in December of this year.
Development since the 1990s
With the acquisition of the first Airbus A310, the company begins to change to a all-Airbus fleet. Successor model of the Boeing 727-200 was the Airbus A320 -200, the first two aircraft were delivered in the spring of 1990. As a result of the Second Gulf War Royal Jordanian had to cope with severe financial losses, which is why a majority of the fleet was either rented out or shut down.
In March 1996, the last Boeing 727 left the fleet, followed by the TriStar in 1999. In August 2000, received Royal Jordanian their first of five Airbus A340 -200, this model has since formed the backbone of the long-haul fleet and is only expected from 2014 through Boeing be replaced 787-8.
In February 2001, the conversion of the Royal Jordanian was made into a public company and all company shares were transferred for a partial privatization of the newly established state holding Royal Jordanian Investments ( RJI ). In December 2007, 71 percent of the shares of the airline was floated on the stock exchange. 29 percent of the shares remain with various organizations of the Jordanian government, more among the employees. The company became the first airline in the Levant, which was privatized in such a large scale.
Since April 2007, Royal Jordanian is a full member of the oneworld airline alliance.
Royal Jordanian operates only objectives in the Middle East such as Dubai and Aden mainly European destinations such as Paris and Moscow, as well as destinations in Africa, Asia and North America, including Bangkok, Tunis and Chicago. The subsidiary Royal Wings operates by complementary regional and feeder flights for Royal Jordanian.
As of July 2013, the fleet of 32 aircraft of the Royal Jordanian is with an average age of 7.9 years:
- 2 Airbus A310- 300F ( cargo aircraft )
- 1 Airbus A318 Elite ( business aircraft, is operated for the Government of Jordan )
- 4 Airbus A319 -100
- 7 Airbus A320 -200
- 3 Airbus A321 -200
- 3 Airbus A330 -200
- 4 Airbus A340 -200 ( to be replaced by Boeing 787-8 )
- 3 Embraer 175
- 5 Embraer 195