Royal Air Maroc
Royal Air Maroc, short RAM, Arabic الخطوط الملكية المغربية, al - DMG Ḫuṭūṭ al - Malakīyya al - Maġribīyya, is a state Moroccan airline based and based in Casablanca and a member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization.
The company was founded in 1953 as Compagnie Cherifienne transport Aériens ( CCTA ). The flight operation was initially performed with three -engined Junkers Ju 52/3m that have been replaced after a short time by Douglas DC-3 and Lockheed Constellations. Soon after the country's independence, the name was changed to Royal Air Maroc and the company started from 1957 carried out by their home base from Casablanca international flights.
The Jet Age
1960 RAM took their first jet aircraft in operation: Sud Aviation SE -210 Caravelles. They were used on major European routes like Paris and Madrid until they were replaced by Boeing 727. At the same time came the Boeing 707 fleet to serve longer routes and those with greater demand. For short-haul Boeing 737-200 were obtained. At the end of the 1970 Royal Air Maroc maintained a network of air routes, Europe, North America, the Middle East and North Africa included.
The 1980s and 1990s
RAM began in the 1980s, continuing its expansion. New routes were opened and existing extended frequencies were increased. Boeing 757 supplemented as of 1986 the fleet to replace the oldest Boeing 727. With the expansion of Mohammed V airport in Casablanca in 1984, the Company received a modern home base.
At the beginning of 1990, the last Boeing 707 were ausgeflottet and during which new, more efficient Boeing 737 series -400 and -500 introduced to increase the frequencies especially on the European routes. Until the mid-1990s, the last Boeing 727 left the fleet. In order to serve the North American routes more efficient, a single Boeing 747-400 was acquired by Air France. Royal Air Maroc also expanded in the direction so far serviced African airports.
Development since 2000
With the increasing number of passengers and the newly opened routes and under the pressure of rising oil prices, there was a need to replace older aircraft. In 2000, RAM decided to order aircraft with two major aircraft manufacturers: Boeing 737NG 20 and four Airbus A321. New routes to West and Central Africa were opened, as well as a code - share agreement with Delta Air Lines has been closed.
The business plan of the company was changed. Instead of the previous mainly to serve the needs of tourists and Moroccans living abroad, now moved the hub function of the home base Casablanca in the foreground to enable services between European and African airports. In 2002, the company decided to lease two Boeing 767.
Two years later RAM responded to the low-cost trend and created the low cost airline Atlas Blue headquartered in Marrakech. The subsidiary were initially left six Boeing 737-400, in the meantime also flew three Airbus A321 for the parent company Atlas Blue. A year later ordered four Boeing 787-8 RAM.
2006 promoted Royal Air Maroc and Atlas Blue together a record number of four million passengers.
In 2009, two more cars were acquired Boeing 767-300.
The operation of the subsidiary Atlas Blue was set in 2010, mostly taken over the routes of Royal Air Maroc.
On 19 August 2011, the Royal Air Maroc Royal Air Maroc Express subsidiary took over their first two ATR 72-600 and is the first operator of the revised version of this pattern.
From 2012, the A321 was decommissioned and unifies the fleet on machines manufactured by Boeing.
Was taken over the whole 50 Boeing 737 On 14 March 2013, the Boeing 737-800 CN- RGN.
As of December 2013, the fleet of the Royal Air Maroc from 44 aircraft consists with an average age of 8.7 years:
Other aircraft will be operated by its subsidiary Royal Air Maroc Express under their own license.
- On 22 December 1973, leased by the Sud Aviation Caravelle Sobelair crashed on approach to Tangier- Boukhalef in the dark and rain near the city of Tétouan against the mountain Mellaline in the Rif mountains. All 106 occupants of the machine were killed.
- On November 3, 1986 fell a Super King Air 200 on the Casablanca airport, on a training flight out. The four people on board were killed in the accident.
- On February 6, 1989, leased by the French Inter Cargo Service Vickers Vanguard crashed at on the Marseille airport. The aircraft overran the tail and crashed into the Mediterranean. The three occupants of the cargo plane died in the accident.
- On August 21, 1994, the autopilot to have a running in Agadir ATR 42 was switched off at an altitude of 16,000 feet. The plane went into a nose dive and crashed to the ground. All 44 people on board died. The probable cause of the accident was a suicide of the flight captain.
- On March 26, 2003, a Boeing 737-400 crashed while landing at the airport Oujda - Angad. The machine sat next to the runway. In this case, the landing gear collapsed. Because of the damage to the aircraft was written off as a total loss. The 60 people on board survived the accident unharmed.