The Shire ( pronunciation [ ʃaɪə ], as part of their name -shire usually [- ʃə ] or rare [- ʃɪə ] ) was in the Anglo-Saxon period an administrative area (similar to Gau or Pagus ), after which the amount of taxes certain. The taxes were to spend in the administrative seats of the Shires. After these management seats, these shires were named, such as Oxfordshire or Lancashire.

With the Norman Conquest of England, the Shires were incorporated into the territorial units of the Normans. Although they retained their traditional names, but were the so-called counties ( counties). Shires still exist today in Australia as local administrative units.

In the English colony, the present-day United States, in 1634 eight shires were established in Virginia that were later renamed countys. It was from 1664 to 1683 and the York Shire in the Province of New York, which was then reclassified also countys.

In Australia there is the common name for the Shire Local Government Area ( LGA) in the states of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland and Western Australia.

East MidlandsEast of England • North East England • North West England • South East EnglandSouth West England • West Midlands • Yorkshire and the Humber • Greater London

Counties with two-stage management - Unitary Authorities - Ceremonial counties - Traditional counties

Metropolitan Boroughs - London Boroughs

StrathclydeDumfries and Galloway • Scottish Borders • Central • TaysideLothianFife • Highlands • Western Isles • Shetland • Orkney

Traditional counties • former administrative counties

Council Areas • Lieutenancy Areas

Traditional counties - Preserved Counties

Traditional counties

Shire • County • Metropolitan County • District • Rural District • Urban District • Unitary Authority • Borough

Bailiwick of Jersey Bailiwick of Guernsey • • Isle of Man

  • Administrative unit
  • Administrative divisions of the United Kingdom