Suvereto is a municipality of the Province of Livorno in the Italian region of Tuscany with 3129 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012).
- 2.1 The body of Henry VII in Suvereto
Location and data
The town is located on a hill north of the valley of the River Cornia (Val di Cornia ), about 15 km from the Tyrrhenian Sea. Suvereto has a medieval old town and is well preserved forest ( chestnut, cork oaks, scrub ) surrounded.
The neighboring municipalities are Campiglia Marittima, Castagneto Carducci, Follonica (GR), Massa Marittima ( GR), Monterotondo Marittimo (GR), Monteverdi Marittimo ( PI), Piombino, San Vincenzo and Sassetta.
In addition to the main town to Suvereto include lying on hills districts Prata and Belvedere and in the valley of the Cornia Frazioni Montioni and San Lorenzo.
Suvereto was mentioned in the year 1000 for the first time, as the place for feud of the Aldobrandeschi family belonged. In 1201 it was first free commune in the northern Maremma. 1228 Suvereto linked to Massa Marittima, but already came in 1237 with other Ghibelline places to Pisa. From 1399 it belonged to Piombino.
The town's name derives from the Latin word for Quercus suber cork from, has been widely used in the area. Today Suvereto has a significant olive oil and wine production ( DOC wine area Val di Cornia ).
The city is a member of Cittaslow, a company incorporated in Italy in 1999 motion to decelerate and increase the quality of life in cities by environmental policy, infrastructure policy, urban quality, enhancement of indigenous products, hospitality, awareness and scenic quality.
The body of Henry VII in Suvereto
In August 1313, during a campaign in the conflict between Guelphs and Ghibellines, died Emperor Henry VII in Buonconvento from the effects of malaria. During the transportation of the corpse in the capital Ghibelline Pisa, the army made in Suvereto station which was also Ghibelline then. Here, the decay of the corpse was prevented by drying by the fire near the Convento San Francesco. Then the body was laid out for about 2 years until the completion of the jobs created by Tino di Camaino for the cathedral of Pisa sarcophagus in the church S.Giusto Suvereto. The sarcophagus is still in the south aisle of the Cathedral of Pisa. On the episode remind Suvereto example name of the street " Via della Insegna " (street of the arms ) and the name of the Palio dell ' Imperatore (see Regular events ).
Culture and sights
Suvereto is surrounded by a city wall in the form of a pentagon with eight towers.
- About the old town are the remains of the Rocca Aldobrandesca, a medieval castle in the Aldobrandeschi, which was built under the rule of Pisa in the 13th century and rebuilt several times rise.
- Palazzo Comunale - Town Hall with a beautiful loggia ( early 13th century)
- Convento di San Francesco - Franciscan monastery (built 1286-1288 ), which was dissolved under Napoleonic rule in 1808. Get is a beautiful cloister.
- Most Holy Crucifix ( church of the Holy Cross, 15th century)
- Chiesa di San Giusto - Romanesque church, 923 for the first time witnessed. The current structure dates back to the year 1189. At the church, the Museo di Arte Sacra is - Museum of Sacred Art
- Madonna di Sopra la Porta - Church, built in 1772.
- Museo della Bambola Artistico - Doll Museum
- Converter station of HVDC SACOI ( submarine cable between the Italian mainland and Sardinia )
- Development center for high-voltage switchgear ENEL, including a 1100 kV test line ( length: 3 km, in parts underground cable ) to Valdicciola
- Fiera di Suvereto - Village Festival (first Sunday in May). In the Palio delle Botti competition two teams rolling wine barrels through the streets of the city.
- Palio dell'imperatore - Palio delle Botti repetition of (August 12 ). The festival commemorates Emperor Henry VII, whose corpse before the funeral in the cathedral at Pisa from 1313 - 1315 was in Suvereto ( see above).
- Fiera di Suvereto - Village festival in mid-September
- Extempore - International Art Festival, September
- Sagra del cinghiale - Feast of the wild boar, 1st Sunday in December