Winfried Kretschmann

Winfried Kretschmann ( born May 17, 1948 in Spaichingen ) is a German politician ( Alliance 90/The Greens ), and since May 12, 2011 the ninth Prime Minister of Baden -Württemberg. Kretschmann is the first Prime Minister of a German national with party membership of the Alliance 90/The Greens.

Education and work

Kretschmann is the son of liberal Catholic parents who were from the, now part of Poland Warmia, a Catholic enclave in what was then East Prussia Protestant majority, marketed. His father was a teacher by profession and wished that his son would Catholic priest; In 1969, he died after a car accident.

Winfried Kretschmann attended after primary school in Zwiesel Special Book a Catholic boarding school in Riedlingen, then through high school in 1968 a grammar school in Sigmaringen. In his youth he was the chief acolyte, but decided in his boarding school, the desire to become a priest not to pursue.

After his military service, he studied at the University of Hohenheim 1970-1975 Biology and Chemistry ( later ethics) for a high school teacher and lay 1977, the second state examination. However, by his student past threatened him because of the then so-called radicals adoption of a prohibition and he taught first at a private beauty school in Stuttgart. However, after reviewing it could be a public servant and was a high school teacher for biology, chemistry and ethics in Stuttgart, Esslingen am Neckar ( Theodor -Heuss -Gymnasium ), quantities, Bad Schussenried and between 1988 and 1995 at the Hohenzollern - Sigmaringen in high school. For the fulfillment of his parliamentary duties he is on leave.

Political activity

Party race

While studying Winfried Kretschmann was for several years Chairman of the General Student Committee ( student council ) at the University of Hohenheim. He was involved during his studies from 1973 to 1975 in the high school group of the Communist League West Germany. Subsequently he called these " 68ers socialization " as a "fundamental political error ."

1979/80 Kretschmann was co-founder of the Green Party in Baden- Württemberg. In 1980 he was first elected for the Greens in the state parliament of Baden -Württemberg, where he was in 1983 as a successor to Wolf -Dieter Hasenclever Group Chairman. The practicing Catholic is considered liberal- conservative thought leader of his party and was in the 1980s, together with Hasenclever a protagonist of the small ökolibertären wing of the Greens. This was formed in late 1983 as an intra-party opposition to eco-socialist wing. Kretschmann represents the constituency Nürtingen in the parliament of Baden- Württemberg and was from 1983 to 1984 and from 2002 to 2011 Chairman of the Green parliamentary party.

Public offices

From 1982 to 1984 belonged Kretschmann as substitutes to the council of the district of Esslingen. From 1984 he was for a period not to the Landtag of Baden- Württemberg, as the Greens had not laid down any candidates in the three constituencies of the district of Esslingen due to a failure period. In 1986 and 1987 he was a keynote speaker at the first Ministerial green Environment Ministry in Hessen to Minister Joschka Fischer.

1988 Kretschmann was re-elected to the state parliament of Baden- Württemberg, as in 1996 and 2001. Kretschmann From 1996 to 2001 was chairman of the Committee on Environment and Transport in Baden-Württemberg Landtag. After the election of Dieter Salomon, Lord Mayor of the city of Freiburg im Breisgau Kretschmann was elected Presidents of the Greens 2002. Next is Kretschmann - many years elected, co-opted as prime minister - a member of the Council of Alliance 90/The Greens party at the country level.

Winfried Kretschmann was the top candidate of the Green Party for the regional elections in Baden- Württemberg in 2011. With 24.2 percent of the vote and 36 MPs, the Greens achieved the best election result in its history at a state election. They were after the CDU with 60 seats and ahead of the SPD with 35 mandates the second strongest faction in the parliament. Kretschmann negotiated with the SPD as the chief negotiator of the Greens from a coalition agreement. On 12 May 2011 Winfried Kretschmann was elected by the Members of Parliament to the Prime Minister of Baden- Württemberg. He received 73 votes and thus two more votes than the Greens and SPD to be united. He is the first asked by the Greens Prime Minister in a federal state. After the election, he presented his cabinet.

On October 12, 2012 Kretschmann was elected in the Federal Council for the period beginning on November 1, 2012 one-year term as scheduled as President of the German Bundesrat.

Other offices, honors and awards

Winfried Kretschmann is a member of the Diocesan Council of the Archdiocese of Freiburg, e in the Friends of the Abbey of St. Martin V., the Central Committee of German Catholics ( ZdK ) and the Board of Trustees of the Academy of the Diocese of Rottenburg- Stuttgart. During his studies he was a member of the Catholic Student Association Carolingia Hohenheim (not hitting in the CV).

Kretschmann is a member of the Friends of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Society of Upper Swabia for history and culture. He is a member of other clubs in his hometown Laiz he is an active member in the Catholic church choir and the gun club.

From the magazine Politics & Communication 2011, he was awarded the title Politician of the Year 2011.

Family and Private

Winfried Kretschmann has been married since 1975. He and his wife Gerlinde, born Kienle, he has three children, Irene, John, and Albrecht. The family lives in Laiz, a district of Sigmaringen. Gerlinde Kretschmann was until 2011 a primary school teacher in elementary school Bingen near Sigmaringen and since the mid- 1990s to 2009, Member of the Municipal Council of Sigmaringen, most recently as President of the Greens. Kretschmann is an avowed fan of the Bundesliga club VfB Stuttgart.