Aedanus Burke ( born June 16, 1743 Galway, Ireland, † March 30, 1802 in Charleston, South Carolina ) was an American politician. Between 1789 and 1791, he represented the state of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Aedanus Burke attended a theological seminary at Saint -Omer (France). After that, he toured the West Indies, before he settled in Charleston (South Carolina). At the outbreak of the American Revolution, Burke joined this movement. He served until 1778 in the militia of South Carolina and then worked until the occupation of the state by the British as a judge. Between 1779 and 1788 Burke was a deputy in the House of Representatives from South Carolina. Between 1780 and 1782 he served again in the American Revolution forces. He then worked again as a judge.
In 1785 Burke was one of three commissioners who revised the laws of the state of South Carolina. In 1788 he was a delegate to the Assembly, which ratified the Constitution of the United States. Burke himself did not agree with this Constitution and voted unsuccessfully against ratification. Politically, he was part of the anti - Administration Group, which stood in opposition to the first federal government under President George Washington.
In the elections for the first Congress he was elected in the second district of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives. There he entered on March 4, 1789, his new mandate. In 1790 he resigned in favor of his judicial office in South Carolina on a bid again. He was able to complete only one term in Congress until March 3, 1791. In 1799, Burke was appointed Registrar of the Court of Equity. This office he held until his death on 30 March 1802.