Allard H. Gasque

Allard Henry Gasque (* March 8, 1873 at Hyman, Marion County, South Carolina, † June 17 1938 in Washington DC ) was an American politician. Between 1923 and 1938 he represented the state of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.


Allard Gasque attended the public schools of his home. He then worked on a farm and as a teacher. Until 1901 he studied at the University of South Carolina in Columbia. He then began a long career in the teaching profession. From 1901 to 1902 he taught at the Waverly Graded School in Columbia. Between 1902 and 1923 he served as school inspector in Florence County. In the years 1911 and 1912 he was president of the Association of School Boards of South Carolina, from 1914 to 1915 he was president of the Association of Teachers of his state.

In addition to his academic work Gasque also began a political career as a member of the Democrats. He was from 1912 to 1920 on the board of the party in South Carolina. Between 1919 and 1923 he was District Chairman of the Florence County. In 1922 he was selected in the sixth constituency of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington, where he became the successor of Philip H. Stoll on March 4, 1923. After seven elections he could remain until his death on 17 June 1938 at the Congress. Since 1931 he was chairman of the committee that dealt with pension payments. During his time in the House of Representatives, most of the New Deal legislation of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, have been adopted since 1933. In 1933, the 20th and the 21st Amendment to the Constitution were adopted.

After his death, his wife Elizabeth was chosen as his successor in Congress. She finished until January 3, 1939, the last term of her husband.