Robert B. Elliott

Robert Brown Elliott ( born August 11, 1842 in Liverpool, England; † August 9, 1884 in New Orleans, Louisiana ) was an American politician. Between 1871 and 1874 he represented the state of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.


The African American Robert B. Elliott was born by its own account in 1842 in Liverpool. Scientifically but could not be verified this information. It is certain that he studied law and from 1867 practiced law in South Carolina. He was also involved in the founding of the Republican Party. In 1868, Elliott was a member of Assembly to revise the State Constitution. Between 1868 and 1870 he sat as an MP in the House of Representatives from South Carolina. From 1869 to 1871 he was deputy commander ( Assistant Adjutant General ) of the National Guard of South Carolina. In this position he worked to set up a special force to fight against the Ku Klux Klan.

In 1870, he was in the third constituency of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Solomon L. Hoge on March 4, 1871. In 1872, Elliott was confirmed. So that he could remain in Congress between March 1871 and his resignation on 1 November 1874. Elliott also fought political corruption in his state.

Between 1874 and 1876 he was again a deputy in the House of Representatives from South Carolina. In addition, he was elected president of the house. In 1876, Robert Elliott competed unsuccessfully for the office of Attorney General of South Carolina. With the end of Reconstruction ended in 1876 Elliott's political career. As an African American Republican, he had no chance in the conservative- segregationist South Carolina those days. In 1881 he moved to New Orleans, where he worked as a lawyer until his death on August 9, 1884.