Joseph Calhoun ( born October 22, 1750 in Staunton, Virginia, † April 14, 1817 in Mount Carmel, South Carolina ) was an American politician. Between 1807 and 1811 he represented the state of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Joseph Calhoun was a cousin of John C. Calhoun (1782-1850), who was from 1825 to 1832 Vice President of the United States and U.S. Senator and Congressman for South Carolina. Another cousin was John E. Colhoun (1749-1802), who was also from 1801 to 1802 in the U.S. Senate. Already in 1756 Joseph Calhoun moved with his father to South Carolina. There they settled near Abbeville. As a teenager, Calhoun received only a limited education and was then engaged in farming.
Politically, Calhoun was a member of the Democratic- Republican Party. In the years 1804 and 1805 he was a member of the House of Representatives of South Carolina. In the meantime, he was a colonel in the state militia. After the death of Congressman Levi Casey he was in the sixth constituency of South Carolina as his successor in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC selected. There he came into effect on June 2, 1807 at its new mandate. After a re-election in 1808, he could remain until March 3, 1811 in Congress.
In 1810 Calhoun declined to run again. His successor his cousin John was selected whose political rise began at that time. After his retirement from the House of Representatives, Joseph Calhoun withdrew from politics. He again worked in agriculture, went into the mill business, and died in April 1817.