Joseph Gist ( born January 12, 1775, Union County, South Carolina, † March 8, 1836 in Pinckneyville, South Carolina ) was an American politician. Between 1821 and 1827 he represented the state of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.
In 1788, Joseph Gist moved with his parents to Charleston. There he attended the public schools. He also studied at the College of Charleston. After a subsequent study of law and its made in 1799 admitted to the bar, he began practicing in his new profession in Pinckneyville. Politically Gist was a member of the Democratic- Republican Party. Between 1802 and 1817 he sat as an MP in the House of Representatives from South Carolina. From 1809 to 1821 he was curator of the South Carolina College, later the University of South Carolina.
1820 Gist was in the eighth constituency of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of John McCreary on March 4, 1821. In the following elections in 1822 he ran in the seventh district. There he was elected to succeed John Wilson again in Congress. After a further confirmation in 1824 he was able to complete a total of three legislative sessions in the House until March 3, 1827. During this time his party was divided into two wings. Gist joined the faction of the future President Andrew Jackson to, from 1828, the Democratic Party was formed. During his time in Congress, particularly violent clashes between the supporters of his group as well as those of President John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay took place.
Joseph Gist renounced in 1826 on another candidacy. In the following years he worked again as a lawyer. He died on 8 March 1836 in Pinckneyville.