John B. Earle

John Baylis Earle (* October 23, 1766 in Polk County, North Carolina; † February 3, 1836 in Anderson, South Carolina ) was an American politician. Between 1803 and 1805 he represented the state of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.


John Earle was a nephew of Elias Earle and cousin of Samuel Earle, both of which were also Congressman for South Carolina. He was born near Spartanburg, just outside the border of South Carolina. Soon, however, he moved to South Carolina and was during the War of Independence, despite his youth, first drummer and then a soldier in the Continental Army. Later he acquired the plantation " Silver Glade ", which he managed.

Politically, Earle was a member of the founded by President Thomas Jefferson Democratic- Republican Party. In the congressional elections of 1802 he was in the then newly created eighth constituency of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC selected. There he met on March 4, 1803 to his new mandate. Since he resigned in 1804 to run again, he was able to complete only one term in Congress until March 3, 1805.

In the following years he went back to work on his plantation. He also spent 16 years as adjutant general commander of the state militia of South Carolina. In this capacity, he also mobilizing them for use in the British -American War of 1812, where he also took part. During the Nullifikationskrise in the years 1832 and 1833 he was a member of the Assembly, took the Nullifikationsbeschluss, said that the controversial federal customs law for South Carolina is invalid. John Earle died on February 3, 1836 and was buried on his plantation.