Automobile Dacia

Dacia [ Datʃi̯a ] is one belonging to the Romanian car manufacturer Renault. Dacia is the former brand name and today's brands and corporate name of the Romanian car manufacturer UAP in Piteşti (UAP is the abbreviation for Uzina de Autoturisme Piteşti Piteşti translated automobile factory ). The name Dacia is a reference to the past of Romania as a Roman province of Dacia (Latin: Dacia). Originally a trademark you are using a shield emblem with standing at the top of abbreviation EAP, including one standing on rocks in the field and the propagating wing eagle.

  • 2.1 Timeline
  • 2.2 Chronology


Was built the factory in 1952. It was designed primarily as a supplier for the truck plant in Brasov. 1967, it was modernized and expanded with the support of the French Renault works at an automotive plant. As of August 1968, the first model rolled off the Dacia 1100 - a license of the French model Renault 8 Larger numbers reached Dacia / UAP from 1969 with the Dacia 1300, a licensed version of the Renault 12 In 35 years, until the end of production on 21. manufactured in July 2004 a total of 1.95973 million vehicles of this type. This Dacia applies and therefore was considered a " Volkswagen " of Romania. Small quantities of the models Renault 18 and Renault 20 were assembled from CKD kits.

In 1978, the license agreement was terminated with Renault and other models appeared, but they were all derived from the Renault 12. Among them was a pick -up, which was converted to rear wheel drive. Began in 1986 in Timişoara, the production of the Dacia 500, which was popularly known Lăstun ( swallow).

In the GDR, the Dacia 1300 from 1973 was imported and enjoyed there as one of the few front-wheel drive offered with four-stroke engine first great popularity. However, the build quality was for more and more, which damaged the reputation of Dacia. In the 1980s it was imported only sporadically. This was always to the normal saloon with the 1300cc engine.

Turning time

With the opening to the West flocked cheap used cars in the country, the production figures declined. Dacia started to look for a technology partner, and went in a loose cooperation with Peugeot. One result has been based on a derived from the Peugeot 309 floor pan Dacia (launched 1995), in which, however, the old overhead-valve engines were used.

End of the 1990s, Renault began to be interested in Dacia and acquired majority shares in 1999. First significant change was the conversion of the Dacia Nova on OHC engines from Renault and the introduction of diesel models, now under the name Super Nova and according to optical retouching 2003 Solenza. The production of Solenza was completed in early 2005.

Dacia today

In Western Europe, the less common from 1975 produced until December 8, 2006, based on the body of the Dacia 1300 commercial vehicles with open cargo space were: Dacia Pick-Up, Drop Side and Dacia Dacia Double Cab The vehicles were in the final construction period from 2004 to 2006 equipped with diesel engines from Renault and possessed either via an electro- pneumatically selectable four-wheel drive. The drop side was equipped with a short two-seat cabin and a large cargo area with fold- over side walls. The Pick-Up had a two-seat cabin and a cargo area with liftgate. The Double Cab had an extended cab and was approved for five people, the rear cargo area was correspondingly shorter. In 31 years of production at about 320,000 vehicles of this type were produced. The production was set to, among other things, the economically much more lucrative production of the Dacia Logan to be able to expand ( about 150,000 vehicles in 2006). The distribution of this model is handled by the Renault dealer.

The company is a complete Dacia Renault subsidiary today. Since 2004, the Dacia Logan, Dacia Sandero and the commercial vehicles are produced with open cargo space in the works in Mioveni and Piteşti only. The Logan Renault is a direct development, in Eastern Europe for about 5,000 Euro (plus VAT ) will be sold. Since June 2005, there is a version for Western Europe with base prices under 7,200 euros. This Dacia / Renault below provides all offers of vehicles of comparable size in Western Europe.

In 2008, the monthly salary of an employee in Piteşti average was 285, according to other data around 400 euros. In the same year a majority of the employees went on a strike demanding a wage increase of 50, according to other sources of 60 percent.

The breakthrough, inter alia, in the European market came about from the crisis year of 2008, when Dacia had " the right plan against the crisis " found in the world 's view of predatory pricing, and with a market share of 0.8 percent ( total market ) at Porsche and Jaguar was pulled over for the first time and in the following year 2009, a sales increase of 91 percent reported. In 2012, the market share in Germany was expanded with 46 622 vehicles to 1.41 percent, or for Germany up to that total 267,000 vehicles.

Dacia was in the 2009/2010 season official main and shirt sponsor of the Hamburg soccer club FC St. Pauli.



  • House development of Dacia with ARO and Oltcit
  • Licensing model / Identical to Renault ( "badge -engineering" )
  • On platform of Renault / Nissan
  • On deck of the Peugeot 309
  • Manufacturer: Auto România (ARO ) ARO actually designated 10 model, as " Dacia " exported


Sales and production data


  • Romania Piteşti (corporate headquarters ), Mioveni
  • Russia: Moscow plant of Avtoframos (a subsidiary of Renault ( 76%) and the city of Moscow (24%) ).
  • Iran
  • India in collaboration with Mahindra
  • Morocco
  • Colombia