Campbell River, British Columbia
Campbell River is a city in British Columbia, Canada, at the mouth of the eponymous river at the south end of Discovery Passage and the north side of Vancouver Island. Campbell River is known as the " Salmon Capital".
The first inhabitants of the area were the tribe of the Kwakwaka'wakw First Nation.
1792 reached Captain George Vancouver was the first European with his ships HMS Discovery and HMS Chatham today's Campbell River. Vancouver and his botanist Archibald Menzies met at this point, a small tribe of about 350 people who spoke a Salish dialect. When the HMS Plumper recognized under Captain George Henry Richards in 1859, on a Cartography travel Campbell River, she faced a Kwakwaka'wakw warband who had brought the area by European guns under his rule. Dr. Samuel Campbell was the ship's doctor, the plumper and it is believed that he gave the place its name. After the lieutenant of the ship, Zachary Mudge, also a geographic feature was named the nearby Cape Mudge.
Anglers searched the area as early as the 1880s, particularly inspired by the reports of anglers Sir Richard Musgrave and Sir John Rogers. In 1924, the Campbell River Tyee Club was founded with the aim to prevent the overfishing of salmon stocks. In addition to the hobby of fishing and commercial fishing for many years remained an important economic factor.
Commercial logging began in the 1920s with the timber company Merrill Ring & Company, Bloedel, Stewart & Welch and Comox industrial proportions. A large forest fire that broke out near Buttle Lake in 1938, destroyed large parts of the valley. The present-day districts of Campbell River, Rock Bay, Menzies Bay and Englewood were logging camp all during this time.
Campbell River was in 1912, an important supply center for the northern Vancouver Iceland, Iceland Quadra and Cortes Iceland. The infrastructure for the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway significant was planned to Campbell River, but was completed only to Courtenay. The construction of the Elk River pulp mill and other paper mills in the near Tahsis and Gold River promoted the logging. They were joined by lead and zinc mine, coal mines and a large copper mine.
The census in 2011 showed a population of 31 186 inhabitants for the city. The city's population has thereby increased since the census of 2006 at 5.5%, while the population grew throughout the Province of British Columbia at the same time by 7.0%.
In Campbell River, there is a mostly mild climate, with temperatures usually range from 0 ° C in winter to 32 ° C in midsummer. Most precipitation is usually measured in November, with an average of 218.0 mm. While most of the snow falls in January with an average of 152 mm, 10 mm of which remain actually are. In winter brings only one or the other arctic winter storm from the Canadian mainland subzero temperatures. If a Pacific deep reaches the east coast of Vancouver Island, can use heavy snowfall. Snow depths over 45 cm within 24 hours could be measured and the highest observed snow height was 53.3 cm in 1978.
The population of Campbell River is employed to a great extent in forestry, mining, fishing and tourism industries. Many Canadians is the city, next to Port Alberni, also known as " salmon capital" of a term. Because of Campbell River is a popular destination for anglers.
The construction of the Elk Falls hydroelectric power station by the BC Power Corporation, later renamed " John Hart Generating Station ," in 1948 and the connected paper and pulp mill in 1952, the economic situation in Campbell River improved significantly.
For some time, there are plans to open a cruise pier in Campbell River, as daily transportation to travel through the much-used Discovery Passage, but so far still without a stop in Campbell River. Presented for the realization of the Government of Canada in the years 2003 and 2004, a total of 13.23 million Canadian dollars. The benefit of this investor would not only in the 150 full-time jobs, which arise from the fact, but also in the resulting increase in tourist importance of Campbell River. Construction has already begun and will be completed probably in the spring of 2007.
Campbell River connected by Highway 19 with other cities on Vancouver Iceland, as Courtenay, Port Hardy and Gold River. Also, got its start in Campbell River Highway 28 to Gold River.
The city is through the Campbell River Airport (IATA: YBL, ICAO: CYBL ) ( CAC8 IATA: YHH, Transport Canada Identifier) accessible by air and sea plane harbor Campbell River Harbour. The Campbell River Airport offers among other Pacific Coastal Airlines is a daily scheduled service to Vancouver.
One of the BC Ferries ferry leaves from out here on the opposite Quadra Iceland (via Quathiaski Cove ), an island of the Discovery Islands.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Ishikari, Japan
Campbell River is located near Seymour Narrows, the site of one of the largest non - nuclear explosion by human hands. In 1958, miners dug 28 months to place explosives there and " one of the world's most insidious sections of a waterway " (Captain George Vancouver ), an underwater rock, ripple rock called to eliminate.