Gosau is a municipality with 1762 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013 ) in Upper Austria in the district of Gmunden Traun in the district, and is the Gosau Valley, a side valley of the upper Trauntals at Lake Hallstatt. The region is located in the Inner Salzkammergut, on the edge of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Hallstatt -Dachstein Salzkammergut. The municipality is located in the judicial district of Bad Ischl.

  • 3.1 Population development
  • 9.1 Sons and daughters
  • 9.2 freeman
  • 9.3 Other personalities

Location and landscape

Gosau is widely distributed on Gosaubach in the Salzkammergut, in a locked by the Gosauzwang tributary of Trauntals, with flows into the lake of Hallstatt. The Gosau Valley, which is completely occupied by the community, runs in a gorge east, then turns south-east and widens into a small valley, the Gosau Basin, which is the main settlement area. From the village of Gosau via the rear defile a road up to the Lower Lake Gosau. There you can enjoy a beautiful view of Dachstein, where the Gosau Gosau Hintertal to the rear in a southwesterly direction converges exactly on the main floor of the Dachstein Massif.

The valley region is a subregion of the Upper Austrian Salzkammergut Talungen room unit, the Mountain Divisions among the Salzkammergut foothills. The northern edge of the valley form Hochkalmberg - Rußberg the Osterhorngruppe, the area south of the Plass group and Schwarzkogel group as foothills of the Dachstein Mountains. The landscaped dominant western border is the Gosaukammbahn ( Donnerkogel 2055 m, Great Wall 2415 m), lie the Zwieselalm at the northern foothills ( horn tip ) of the pass is Gschuett as a transition into the Salzburgische Lammertal the easiest access to Talung. The Gosauzwang is but today opened up by the B 166 of Gosauzwang on Lake Hallstatt via Gosau - runs in the Ennspongau Annaberg to the Tauern motorway in Niedernfritz - Pass Gschuett - Rußbach - Abtenau.

The extension is from north to south 13.1 kilometers, 17.4 kilometers from west to east. 58.9 % of the area is forested. The main town of Gosau is located at 767 m altitude.

Community structure

The community consists of a cadastral district ( 08 675 ), and ( valley ) of the hamlets Klaushof, Baernau, Jager Bauer, Vordertal! 547.5873105513.5556305 ⊙ 47.5873113.55563725, Grafner, Ramsau, village Gosau, Auer, Kirchschlag, Mühle, Mezzo! 547.5672005513. 5234005 ⊙ 47.567213.5234511, Ötscheranger, Kranabet, Hintertal! 547.5901605513.6569185 ⊙ 47.5901613.656918511 with Gosauschmied

The competent jurisdiction is Bad Ischl.

Neighboring communities


The valley of Gosau was settled in the 13th century by monks from the Abbey of St. Peter in Salzburg. The first documented mention of Gosau place in the year in 1231. Most lived on Forest Economics and delivered the wood to Hallstatt for the production of salt. Many farmers operated a pasture These pastures are still largely intact today.

Since 1490 he is the Principality of Austria above the Enns attributed.

1781 founded a Protestant tolerance community, built in 1784 a house of prayer.

During the Napoleonic Wars, the place was occupied several times.

Following the adoption of the Protestant patent a new church was built in 1869.

Since 1918, the town belongs to the province of Upper Austria. After the annexation of Austria to the German Reich on 13 March 1938, the village belonged to the Upper Danube. After 1945 the restoration of Upper Austria.


Gosau is one of the few evangelical churches in Austria. Approx. 71 % of the population are Protestant A. B.

Due to the remoteness of the valley, Protestantism has here about the time of the Counter-Reformation obtained ( crypto- Protestantism ). When conscription was introduced in the Habsburg Empire, arrived in the valley for many generations no " boys " more to the world ( they were all female names ), in order to escape military service and so to keep the faith. Only through the Patent of Tolerance Joseph II from 1781 to the Protestants was made ​​possible in part around the Dachstein back their religion. The Protestant Patent Franz Josef they presented largely the same with the Catholics.

Population Development

In 1991, the municipality had 1942 inhabitants according to the census, in 2001 then in 1949 and 2010 there were 1864 inhabitants.


Mayor Gerhard Gamsjager of the SPÖ.

Coat of arms

Official Description of 1979 conferred municipality coat of arms: Azure, three silver spikes, the average reaches up to the plate edge, in a red ammonite.

The silver tips are available for the location formative mountains, especially the Dachstein Massif and the Gosaukammbahn. The ammonite refers to the fossils from the Gosau layers, the sediments of the Gosau sea, for the place is eponymous.

The municipality colors are red, white and blue.


Previously, the inhabitants lived mainly from forestry and salt mining in the neighboring town of Hallstatt. The pastoral industry for their livelihood and the grindstone degradation played a role in earlier centuries. Today, tourism plays a major role in the ski resort.

Tourism and Tourism

The tourism community is part of the Gosau Salzkammergut Tourism Affairs in the holiday region of Dachstein Salzkammergut region at the foot of the Dachstein mountain ( 2996 m above sea level. A. ). The view from Lower Lake Gosau on the easternmost glacier in the Alps is well known. With the regular presence of the imperial court in the Salzkammergut region of tourism began in the region. While many hikers and mountain bikers are traveling in the summer, you will encounter during the winter mainly in Alpine and Nordic skiers, backcountry skiers and snowshoers. 142 km of slopes, 64 ski lifts, 60 km of cross -country ski run (45 classic, 15 km skating) make the ski resort Dachstein-West for the most of Upper Austria. 150 businesses generate around 200,000 overnight stays per year. Not only the sport attracts many guests to Gosau Valley, but also the nature, including the Gosaukammbahn (highest peak Large miter with 2.458 m), as well as traditional crafts, culture and customs.

Culture and sights

2010/2011 filmed the Austrian film director and screenwriter Julian Roman Pölsler in Gosau 's novel The Wall by Marlen Haushofer with Martina Gedeck in the lead role. The same film was produced by Coop99 and Star Filmproduktion and had its premiere at the Berlinale in 2012.

  • See also: List of the listed objects in Gosau
  • Gosauseen
  • Dachstein
  • Paarhof Outdoor Museum " Schmiedbauern "
  • Calvary Chapel Calvary with
  • Formerly Castle Gosau


Sons and daughters

  • Gerhard Egger ( b. 1949 ), composer and author
  • Therese Eisenmann ( born 1953 ), painter and graphic artist
  • Georg Hubmer (1755-1833), Schwemmunternehmer
  • Paul Jaeg ( b. 1949 ), artist and writer
  • Walter Laserer (* 1961), mountaineer
  • Pomberger Gustav (* 1949), computer
  • Karl Spielbüchler (1911-1992), politician and forestry workers, mayor of Gosau


  • Ackerl Josef (* 1946), politician
  • Hubert Königswieser, community doctor in Gosau
  • Pühringerhütte Josef (* 1949), politician, Governor of Upper Austria
  • Hans -Peter Schmaranzer Mayor of Gosau
  • Jacob Hammerl, a Catholic priest, Gosau

Other personalities

  • Karl Spielbüchler (1939-2012), Constitutional Court judge, lived in Gosau
  • Temmel Leopold (1913-2000), theologian, pastor in Gosau