Great Southern (Western Australia)
- 35117Koordinaten: 35 ° 0 ' S, 117 ° 0' O
Great Southern is one of the nine regions in Western Australia, located on the southern coast of Australia. It is a region dominated by agriculture and tourism.
The size of the region is 39,007 km ² with a population of 54,000 people. The 250 km long coastline extends along rugged cliffs. Northward, the region extends to 200 kilometers inland, where farming area that are Stirling Range and national parks, such as the Porongurup National Park. The Port of Albany is one of the largest natural harbors in the southern hemisphere. The industry for fish, wood and agricultural products located in Mirambeena at Albany and Yerriminup (Mount Barker ). Katanning and other places are also industrial sites.
The region Great Southern, and in the districts of City of Albany, Shire of Broomehill - Tambellup, Shire of Cranbrook, Shire of Denmark, Shire of Gnowangerup, Shire of Jerramungup, Shire of Katanning, Shire of Kent, Shire of Kojonup, Shire of Plantagenet Shire of Woodanilling divided.
The Aborigines of Menang Noogar lived in the area of present-day Great Southern for thousands of years and spent the summer on the coast. They called their habitat Kinjarling, which means place of the rain. They built example at Emu Point, a fish ladder.
The first European contact came in 1626 when the Dutch ship sailed Gulden Zeepaert in the waters off the coast of Great Southern. The British explorer George Vancouver in 1791 came to King George Sound, which he named and took the land for the British Crown in possession. The European colonization began with the construction of a temporary military port by the Major Edmund Lockyer at King George Sound at Albany on December 25 in 1826., The British outpost should avoid taking possession of the country by France. To ensure that this port was the oldest European settlement in Western Australia.
For the development of Western Australia was the establishment of the Swan River Colony in 1829 by Thomas Peel and the military port of great importance. John Bannister in 1831 undertook the first land crossing between the two outposts. John Septimus Roe in 1853 led an expedition to the south of the Swan River Colony, but he crossed the territory of today's Shire of Gnowangerup, the Stirling Range and came through the area of Cranbrook up to Albany. Then he told of this country and it was followed by settlers who settled. 1847, the land allocation was controlled by the government.
In the early days sandalwood was beaten and transported from the Bremer Bay and Albany to China. Towns sprang up along the Perth - Albany Road, as well as Williams and Kojonup. In the 1880s, railroads were built between Perth and Albany and Katanning, Broomehill and Cranbrook connected. In addition, there were lines after Tambellup and Yarabin ( Woodanilling ). A significant role in this development plays the Western Australian Land Company, which built the railway line. In the late 19th century, many people from South Australia who have been displaced by floods came. When the gold rush in Australia put numerous people in this region were in Australia. After the First World War, soldiers settled, as well as after the Second World War.
The region's economy is largely determined by the livestock and grain farming. The region is the most productive area under cereals and agriculture in Western Australia and the largest producer of wool and sheep. In Albany is the main center for fishing. The coast of the region, with its mild summers is a popular recreation area, it is also useful for catching fish and surf. Fishing, sheep and cattle breeding are important economic factors of the area, but also the garden and vineyards develop.
Tourism creates employment opportunities, as the coast, the forests and the historic culture of the region are estimated. Tourist activities are assisted by the prevailing Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers. Winter is wet and rainy.