City of Albany
- 35.016666666667117.86666666667Koordinaten: 35 ° 1 ' S, 117 ° 52' O The City of Albany is a Local Government Area ( LGA) in the Australian state of Western Australia. The area is 4312 km ² and has about 33,500 inhabitants.
Albany is located on the south coast about 400 km southeast of the capital, Perth. The seat of the City Council is located in the coastal town of Albany in the south west of the LGA, where about 26,500 inhabitants. The following towns and districts are expected to Town: Albany, Bayonet Head, Centennial Park, Collingwood Heights, Collingwood Park, Cuthbert, Emu Point, Gledhow, long, Lockyer, Lower King, McKail, Middleton Beach, Milpara, Mira Mar, Mount Clarence, Mount Elphinstone, Orana, Robinson, Seppings, Spencer Park, Port Albany, Warrenup, Yakamia.
Other towns and settlements in the LGA are Big Grove, Bornholm, Cheynes, Drome, Elleker, Frenchman Bay, Gnowellen, Goode Beach, Green Range, Green Valley, Kalgan, King River, Kojaneerup South, Kronkup, Little Grove, Lowlands, Many Peaks, Marbelup, Mettler, Millbrook, Mount Melville, Nanarup, Napier, Nullaki, Palmdale, Redmond, Redmond West, South Stirling, Torbay, Torndirrup, Vancouver Peninsula, Walmsley, Wellstead, Willyung and Youngs Siding.
See also: History of the city of Albany
The first mention of the coast of Albany by the Dutch navigator François Thijssen, who in 1626 sailed around the southern continent. George Vancouver charted the region in 1791 for the British and forgave many of the current name. The Frenchman Nicolas Baudin in 1803 explored the inland and followed the Kalgan River.
At the site of today's Albany in 1826 was the first settlement of Europeans in Western Australia, however, which was founded three years later Perth developed quickly becoming the new center of the West Coast. Albany remained but due to its importance as a port city, a local center. In the 40s of the 19th century the first attempts to install local administrations in order to improve the infrastructure, especially the roads. 1843 established the General Roads Trust a District Committee in Albany, which was in 1848 replaced by a Local Board. Albany was one of the first districts of Western Australia. But were the coming years, mainly due to lack of finances in the sparsely populated west, most centrally made the decisions in Perth. Was not until 1871 saw a Municipalities Act for more local decision-making powers and Albany was one of the first six Municipalities with their own Council.
Until the mid-20th century, almost the entire state was divided into local administrative areas and with the Local Government Act of 1960, the basis of today's local government is committed. At that time, the city still made its own LGA, the Town of Albany, and the surrounding area was organized into a separate Shire. On 1 July 1998, Town and Shire merged to form the City of Albany.
In the 19th century the importance of the region was based mainly on the port of the city of Albany. Even after the role had been lost as a stopover place of loading and vessel traffic, fishing and whaling dominated well into the 20th century, the economy of the city and the surrounding region. When the whale hunt was set in 1978, living off the coast of marine mammals have been a tourist attraction and development of natural especially along the coast, tourism became an important economic factor in the area.
In addition, farming is done in the LGA. Since the early 1970s, the vineyard has been established and is particularly located along the Kalgan River. To the west of Redmond, there are large areas of forest that are used for forestry.
Albany is part of the Great Southern region of Western Australia. In 1993, together with similar economic condition to regions to operate in the areas targeted business promotion LGAs. The regional administrative headquarters is located in Albany.
Albany City is dominated by the coast, which limits the LGA to the south. Some touristic beaches can be found along the shoreline ( Anvil Beach, Lowlands Beach, Dunsky Beach, Shelley Beach, Dingo Beach, Cosy Corner Beach, Perkins Beach, Cable Beach, Misery Beach, Whalers Beach, Goode Beach, Vancouver Beach, Middleton Beach, Emu Beach, Gull Rock Beach, Ben Dearg Beach, Nanarup Beach, Betty's Beach, Norman Beach, Hassell Beach, Pallinup Beach). Tourist center is the city of Albany to the upstream King George Sound and Princess Royal Harbour both foothills and Oyster Harbour and east of it the Two Peoples Bay. Some islands lie off the coast of the LGA, including Michealmas and Breaksea Iceland at the entrance of King George Sound and Coffin Iceland south of the Two Peoples Bay Nature Reserve and the Bald Iceland southeast of the Cheynes Beach.
The Wilson Inlet and the Hay River limit the LGA in the West against the Denmark Shire. To the east and northeast of the Pallinup River, which empties into the Beaufort Inlet, the limit for Jerramungup and Gnowangerup Shire forms. North of Albany City, the Plantagenet Shire joins. Numerous smaller rivers and streams flow within the LGA and beyond, including the Sleeman Creek, which flows into the Hay River, and the Kalgan River, which flows into the Oyster Harbour in Albany and has several tributaries. Other major inland waters of Lake Powell at Albany, the Gull Rock Lake and the Moates and the Gardner Lake.
Both lakes are located in the Two Peoples Bay Nature Reserve, one of a number of nature reserves of the LGA, which can be found most along the coast. This includes the West Cape Howe, Torndirrup, the Gull Rock, the Waychinicup National Park and the Mount Many Peaks Nature Reserve. The Hassell National Park runs along the South Coast Highway west of Green Range and south of Mettler. And the southeast corner of the Stirling Range National Park is also still in the field of LGA.
Torbay Head in West Cape Howe National Park west of Albany is the southernmost point of Western Australia.
Albany is directly accessible by the airline from the capital, Perth. Flight time to Perth is about one hour. Skywest Airlines offers three times daily ( 18 flights a week, 50 000 passengers per year, as of 2013) the connection to the city of Albany. The Albany Airport ( Harry Riggs Albany Regional Airport ) is located about 11 km northwest of the city center on Albany Highway.
On the road Albany City is accessible via the South Coast Highway ( National Highway 1), which runs along Australia's south coast. The highway runs through the LGA from east to west of Youngs Siding to Wellstead. A direct connection to Perth is the Albany Highway ( State Route 30). He leaves the town of Albany in the north and reached after 410 km the capital of the state. Another national road is the Chester Pass Road, leaving the LGA of Albany on Napier in a northeasterly direction and empties into the road network that the interior of Western Australia opens.
The rail link to Albany was founded in 1889 and is known as the Great Southern Railway after the railroad company, which they business end of the 19th century. It is the central rail link through the southern half of the state and has as its starting point the village of Beverley about 130 kilometers east of Perth. The train leaves the city of Albany to the west and then turns over Elleker and Redmond to the north.
2001 in the city of Albany on the coast of the Albany Wind Farm was opened and in 2011 it was extended ( Grasmere Wind Farm). With 18 wind turbines, 35.4 MW of electricity will be produced and thus covered 80 % of the electricity needs of the city.
The Albany Council has twelve members. Two members are elected by the residents of the six Wards ( Breaksea, Fredericktown, Kalgan, Vancouver, West and Yakamia ), the chairman and Mayor ( Mayor ) is also elected by all residents of the LGA.