Verkstad Kalmar AB ( KVAB ) was a Swedish manufacturer of automobiles and railway vehicles. The company was dissolved in 2005.
By 1874 there were in Kalmar a first workshop for the trains of Kalmar Järnväg that ran between Kalmar and Emmaboda.
Kalmar Verkstadsaktiebolag ( KVAB ) was founded in 1902 as a joint repair and new construction workshop for the railway companies Kalmar Järnväg ( KJ ), Nybro Sävsjöström Järnväg ( NSJ ), Föreningen för Kalmar läns östra järnvägs byggand (formerly Squid Berga Järnväg, KBJ ) and Squid Torsås Järnväg ( KTsJ ) was founded. At the Company, the city of Kalmar also was involved.
First KVAB rented a track in the former carriage workshop of the KJ. 1904 to its own premises were built. The workshop began in 1905 with the production of passenger and freight cars and locomotives and railcars later. In 1906, the company delivered 74 wagons. In a reorganization in 1917, most private railways in southern Sweden involved in the company.
In the following years, the requirements for the Sävsjöström - Nässjö Järnväg ( SäNJ ), Mönsterås - Åseda Järnvägsaktiebolag and Mönsterås nya Järnvägsaktiebolag ( MAJ ) and Karlskrona - Växjö Järnväg ( CWJ ) were taken.
According to the general railway nationalization is KVAB concentrated on the production of small locomotives, passenger carriages, freight wagons, locomotives and railcars for Statens Järnvägar, also gasoline-powered trams and locomotives were built. These include the diesel locomotives of the T44 series or the railcar series Y1. Exports went to Turkey, China and other countries.
In recent years, the SJ X2, the Bombardier Regina and the X31K series and X32K formed the production spectrum for Öresundståg.
KVAB was acquired by Bombardier Transportation in 2001. The vehicle existed until December 2005, when the last car left the factory. The owner company had moved at this time all manufacturing activities in other countries in Europe.
In 1967, the production of automobiles was taken. After about 2000 copies produced, the production was set in 1972.
The only car model was the Tjorven. Equipped with two sliding side doors MPV was initially only available as vans, from 1969 as a station wagon. The vehicle was based on the chassis of the DAF 44 and was driven by a motor of DAF with 40 hp. As the transmission VARIOmatic DAF was used.