Mpohor/Wassa East District
The Mpohor / Wassa East District is one of 13 districts in the Western Region of Ghana. The district was created in 1988 separated from the former Wassa East District and is separated by the narrow Shama Ahanta East Metropolitan District of the Gulf of Guinea, in the southeastern part of the region. The name derives from the district is the Akanvolk the Wassa.
Population and Culture
88 % of the population live in rural areas, ie in towns with less than 5000 inhabitants. Of the places listed below only Daboase and Mpohor are urbanized. Even the capital Daboase has only 6000 inhabitants well.
There are two so-called paramountcies (recognized areas of traditional rulers ) in the District; Wassa Fiase with Benso as the seat and Wassa Mpohor based in Mpohor.
Economy, Transport and Environment
The district is located in one of the rainiest areas of Ghana. The original primary rainforest is however significantly decreased due to deforestation for settlement purposes and commercial logging.
In particular, the exploitation by logging companies and the use of mercury in gold mining has already led to changes in average rainfall and significant soil erosion and degradation.
The road network is expanded low, many settlements are cut off during the rainy season from the environment. The railway line Takoradi - Kumasi leads through the villages Manso and Angu. In the north of the district of the railway line is Takoradi - Accra touched, but the currently is not in operation.
71.5 % of the population is employed in agriculture, however, on account of traditional methods ( more than 90 % will slash and burn operation ) is very effective. Fertilizers and agricultural machines are not affordable for the absolute majority of the farmers. Crops are cassava, plantain, maize, yams, vegetables and cash crops as cocoa, palm oil and to a lesser extent coffee. Oil palms are cultivated on a large scale commercial plantations of Benso Oil Palm Companies like Plantation ( BOPP) NORPALM, WAOPP and Ayiem Oil Mills.
The industry of the district is limited to the processing of palm oil and mining (gold and to a lesser extent iron ore ).
Villages with more than 5000 inhabitants
- Adum Banso
- Sekyere Krobo
- Wassa Atobiase
- Adum Dominase
- New Subri
- Wassa Ektuase
- Wassa Dwenase
- Sekyere - Heman