The district Jomoro is one of the thirteen administrative territorial units that make up the Western region of present Republic of Ghana is composed.
Jomoro forms a 1344 km ² large area of land in the area between about 4 ° 55 '- 5 ° 15'N and 2 ° 15 ' - 2 ° 45'W, in the north to the districts Aowin Suaman and Wassa Amenfi, on the east by the district Nzema East, the west borders the Republic of the Ivory coast and in the south by the Gulf of Guinea. District capital is Half Assinie.
The waters of the district are the rivers Tano, Angesa and Amansuri ( Amanzulley ), and their tributaries, as well as the Gmenye Lagoon ( a tributary of the Tendo lagoon ), in which the Tano pours, and the Amansuri Lagoon. The Tendo lagoon is located, with the exception of Gmenye Lagoon, completely on the territory of Ivory Coast. The border with Ghana runs somewhat south of the southern and southeastern shores of Tando lagoon to about the town Newtown at 5 ° 6 ' N, 3 ° 6' W5.0930555555556 - 3.1013888888889 ( Affonorou on French maps) which extends between on the Spit Ocean and lagoon located on Ghanaian side.
Towns in the district are Jomoro: Akobre, Allowule, Bonyeri ( Bonyere ) (5 ° 1 ' N, 2 ° 44' W5.0166666666667 - 2.7333333333333 ), Edu ( 5 ° 5 ' N, 2 ° 51' W5.0833333333333 - 2.85 ), Ekpu, Ellenda, Elloyin, Elubo (5 ° 17 ' N, 2 ° 46' W5.2833333333333 - 2.7666666666667 ) Ezinlobo, jewi or jewi Wharf (5 ° 4 ' N, 2 ° 56' W5.0666666666667 - 2.9333333333333 ) Kengen, Mpataba (5 ° 5 ' N, 2 ° 35' W5.0833333333333 - 2.5833333333333 ) Nawuley, Nvellenu - Bawia ( Nvelenu ) (5 ° 4 ' N, 2 ° 32' W5.0666666666667 - 2.5333333333333 ), Nuba (5 ° 3 ' N, 2 ° 36' W5.05 -2.6 ), Samenye, Takinta, Tikobo ( 1) (5 ° 3 ' N, 2 ° 42' W5.05 - 2.7), Tikobo ( 2) (5 ° 5 ' N, 2 ° 32' W5.0833333333333 - 2.5333333333333 )
(Note: These places are called by Ghanaian officials as a city of the district Jomoro, being not explained, by what criteria to define a city In the current statistics of the UN and the World Bank with regard to Africa localities with more than 5,000 inhabitants. classified as urban. According to the referendum of 26 March 2000, however, lived in Jomoro - Disktikt only 32,685 people in urban areas, so that the application of the concept of the city is not justified on some of the places mentioned. )
36% of the land area of Jomoro is used for agriculture, 8% are built-up settlement areas, 22 % are state forest reserves and 4% are Barrens. The remaining land area is covered by natural rain forest with extensive mangrove swamps.
The climate is one of today's classification according to the wet - dry tropical climate. Elsewhere, the local climate type is called an equatorial monsoon climate. It is characterized by two rainy seasons from April to July and September to November occur. The annual average fall 1,732 mm rainfall, the driest time of the year is from December to January.
In the district Jomoro lived at the time of the referendum of March 26, 2000 110 972 people, of which 32,685 in urban areas and 78 287 in rural areas. The average population density was 83 persons / km ². The annual population growth is estimated to be 3%. The majority of the population is from its origin Akan. Notably, the Akan languages in Jomoro District of Nzema dialect spoken next Fante and Twi, which also belong to this group of languages .
In Jumoros agriculture 90 % of the working population of the district are employed. Traditional agricultural products of the region are coconuts, cocoa, palm oil and rubber. Today's main crops are cassava ( a subspecies of cassava ), bananas, rice, maize, cocoyam ( tannia ), pineapple and various vegetables. Export crops are ginger, black pepper and sunflower. The average farm size is 10.8 hectares in tree planting and 100 m² - 3400 m² at kleinerwüchsigem field crops.
Another important industry in Jomoro district is fishing. There are currently (2006) 199 registered fishing boats, where about 3,500 people are employed. Major fishing places are Half Assini, Akobre and Effasu.
Tourism as an industry is becoming increasingly important, especially eco-tourism.
- Fort Apollonia Beyin
- Ankasa Nini - Suhien National Park
- An attractive 60 km long beach line between Ekebaku and Newtown
- The Amansuri Conservation and Integrated Development ( ACID ) project as a nature reserve, which is a joint project of the Dutch government and the Ghana Wildlife Society:
- The swamp and lowland forests of Amansuri and Amansuri Lagoon ( with core at 5 ° 1 ' 22 " N, 2 ° 35' 38 " W5.0227777777778 - 2.5938888888889 ) with a diverse flora and fauna, particularly rare birds
- Station (s? ) of a sea turtle Arterhaltungsprojektes
Alljährlicher cultural highlight is the Kundum Festival, which is celebrated in September / October. The main celebration of this holiday are held in Beyin. There are also several city-specific festivals. The period December 26 to January 1 is considered as a family festival.
The area " Jumoree " formed in historical time a part of the kingdom of Apollonia, which extended in the coastal areas between the rivers Tano and Ankobra. On the map of Bowdich, who as head of the British delegation was staying in 1817 at the court of the Asantehene and according to the information he received here, a map of western Africa recorded, but the area between the " Assinie " River and Ancobra is called Amanahea what was probably the then native name of Apollonia. In colonial times, the area was known to the British and Nzima Zema at the French.
The early 1650s was the place Beyin at the site of the later fort, a Swedish trading post. After expulsion of the Swedes, the Dutch tried to establish there.
William Bosman, who was a Dutch Assessor on the Gold Coast in the 1690s, describes the area between Assinie and Rio Cobra as a bad area for trade, since the gold offered here is of little value (because gold falsification ), but that it here those in the early 1680s and had given before a very extensive trade and an abundance of gold.
On the map of the Guinea coast of the French geographer Jean -Baptiste Bourguignon d' Anville in 1729, the area around the Cap de Sainte Apollonia is shown as a sphere of Denkira. With regard to the coastal town of Vieux Issini (Alt - Assinie ) is mentioned here: " ruined by the Denkiras ".
From 1750, the British are present in Beyin and built here in 1768, the Fort Apollonia. But already in 1835 the fort has long since been abandoned and in ruins. Probably but it has been rebuilt later, because in the documents to the British-Dutch Fort exchange of 1868 and the sale of the Dutch possessions in 1872, it is listed by name.
In 1785, a aschantisches army in Aowin ( hinterland ) falls and calls caused panic on the coast. Probably from here on is Apollonia under aschantischer supremacy.
In 1830 a treaty of British secures the aschantischen King among others also the Kingdom Apollonia its independence. (This is a follow-up event of the Battle of Dudowa of 26 August 1826 which ended in a crushing defeat of the Ashanti army. )
In 1835, it comes in the beach section between Apollonia ( Beyin ) and Axim to hostilities between the British and the troops of the then in force as extremely cruel tyrant king of Apollonia, Kwaku Akka. With staff support of the Dutch and the British ship HMS " Britomart " was it possible to drive along the Apollonian over long stretches westward along the beach. After resistant rise under constant fire the hostilities ended in front of the ruins of the former Fortes Apollonia with a victory of the Europeans.
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