Music school

Conservatory (Italian conservatorio, conservare from latin, preserve ') is an institution for the training of musicians and music educators.

Conservatories in high school rank hot in Germany often universities for music, in Switzerland Conservatory, music academy or academy. In Austria, the government approved vocational training for musicians is taking place at universities for music and performing arts, private universities and conservatories with public law. On conservatories state-recognized diplomas can be acquired.

  • 3.1 Belgium
  • 3.2 Bulgaria
  • 3.3 Denmark
  • 3.4 Germany
  • 3.5 France
  • 3.6 Greece
  • 3.7 Italy
  • 3.8 Kazakhstan
  • 3.9 Latvia
  • 3:10 Lithuania
  • 3:11 Mexico
  • 3:12 The Netherlands
  • 3:13 Austria
  • 3:14 Poland
  • 3:15 Portugal
  • 3:16 Romania
  • 3:17 Russia
  • 3:18 Switzerland
  • 3:19 Sweden
  • 3:20 Spain
  • 3:21 Czech Republic
  • 3:22 UK
  • 3:23 United States
  • 3:24 People's Republic of China
  • 3:25 Egypt


The term originally stood for the orphanages ( child -care institutions ) in Naples and later in Italy. In the 16th century there were four of them, the various churches were assigned. Not only boys but also the girls in the conservatories were given by the best composers of the city singing lessons (although women were not allowed at that time to sing in churches). They were the first professional singers. So the name was transferred to the musical education at the time.

Significant conservatories erected in the late 18th century and especially in the 19th century in Paris ( 1795), Prague (1811 ), Vienna ( 1819), Leipzig ( 1843), Munich (1846 ), Berlin ( 1850), Cologne ( 1850), Dresden ( 1856), Stuttgart ( 1857), Frankfurt (1878 ) and Saint Petersburg ( 1862).

Today, a conservatory is a high school-like training center for all lines of musical professional and lay education.



The Conservatory in Austria is a school for the training of professional musicians or preparatory to a music teacher.

The Conservatory offers an in-depth, comprehensive training in mastery of a musical instrument and singing, as well as the related with the music arts (such as music theater, dance), as well as music history hikes and on the theory of music content. Conservatories are built on the training in a music school, as mainstream school with musical emphasis or next school music school in the strict sense. Especially developed for the US-led music school music schools works Austrian curriculum ( KOMU - curriculum ) also acts as a preparation for a visit to the Conservatory.

Conservatories and Conservatory of Church Music are types of schools (curricula ) the type of school music schools and conservatories within the school division Other vocational school ( statute ) ( SBS), the 15th grade ( 0 grade, final stage 15, ISCED 4B formal post- secondary-, curriculum code 3903 assigned respectively. 3902 ).

Educational attainment is a professional qualification (professional degree). This is a prerequisite for career entry in an orchestra or other ensemble, or to attend a master class in general.

For students who attend a conservatory so intense learn music, there is also the special shape of the upper secondary school for students of music that complement the general conclusion and higher education (Matura), for the beginning of university studies in music experts ( concert field or teaching ). These are operated as branches of high schools in cooperation with local conservatories.

This gives the conservatories public nature of the Länder ( State Conservatory ), and there are a number of private schools in other school authorities, with public law.

With the professionalization of the teaching profession (requirement of a university degree for all teaching professions) at the Conservatory can be achieved more ( as a school form) no professional degree in educational specialists. Therefore today offer many conservatories based courses, and in so far are already the higher education sector zuzuordenen. Such studies include, for example, composition, conducting, dance, drama or musical theater.

List of conservatories and music schools


  • Royal Conservatory of Brussels
  • Brussels: Institut Jaques- Dalcroze de Belgique
  • Royal Conservatory of Liège
  • Royal Conservatory of Antwerp


  • National Academy of Music " Prof. Pancho Wladigerow " (also known as State Conservatory )


  • Royal Danish Conservatory of Music Copenhagen
  • Royal Academy of Music Aarhus
  • Royal Academy of Music Odense
  • Royal Academy of Music Aalborg
  • Royal Academy of Music Esbjerg
  • Rhythmic Academy of Music Copenhagen




The most important conservatories of the country are the Athens Conservatory and the National Conservatory with offices across the country. Furthermore, there is the Ionian Islands numerous other conservatories called Ionian School. See also: Greek Conservatory.


In Italy there are 57 academies including assimilated with them music schools.

  • See also ospedali Grandi in Venice


  • Kazakh National Conservatory ( Almaty)


  • Jāzepa Vītola Latvijas muzikas Academia (Riga)


  • Conservatory Kaunas ( Kaunas)
  • Conservatory Klaipeda ( Klaipeda )
  • Conservatory Siauliai (Šiauliai )
  • Conservatory Panevėžys ( Panevėžys)
  • Conservatory of Vilnius ( Vilnius)


  • Conservatorio Nacional de Música ( Mexico City) (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes)
  • Escuela Nacional de Música (Mexico City ) ( Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México )
  • Escuela Superior de Música ( Mexico City) (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes)
  • Escuela Superior de Música y Danza de Monterrey ( Monterrey)
  • Facultad de Música ( Xalapa ) ( Universidad Veracruzana )




  • Karol Lipinski Academy of Music in Wroclaw
  • Feliks Nowowiejski Music Academy Bydgoszcz
  • Stanisław Moniuszko Academy of Music in Gdansk
  • Karol Szymanowski Music Academy in Katowice
  • Krakow Academy of Music
  • Grazyna and - Kiejstut - Bacewicz Academy of Music in Łódź
  • Ignacy Paderewski -Jan- Academy of Music poses
  • Fryderyk Chopin University of Music in Warsaw


  • Escola Superior de Música de Lisboa ( State Academy of Music at the IPL)


  • National University of Music Bucharest


  • St. Petersburg Conservatory
  • Moscow Conservatory


  • Conservatoire de Lausanne
  • Music Academy of Basel
  • School of Music Conservatory in Bern
  • Bern University of Arts
  • Conservatory of Fribourg
  • Zurich Conservatory classical and jazz


  • Royal College of Music Stockholm
  • Academy of Music in Malmö
  • Musikhochschule Gothenburg


  • Real Conservatorio Superior de Música de Madrid
  • Escola Superior de Musica de Barcelona
  • Conservatorio Superior de Musica de Zaragoza
  • Conservatorio Superior de Musica de Salamanca
  • Conservatorio Superior de Música de Ovliedo
  • Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofía
  • Real Conservatorio Superior de Música de Málaga
  • Conservatorio Superior de Música de Alicante


  • Prague Conservatory

United Kingdom

  • Royal Academy of Music, a member of the University of London
  • Trinity College of Music, London
  • Guildhall school of music and drama, London
  • Birmingham: Birmingham Conservatoire

United States

  • New England Conservatory of Music
  • Boston University College of Fine Arts
  • Cleveland Institute of Music
  • Curtis Institute of Music
  • The Juilliard School

People's Republic of China


The Cairo Conservatory, Academy of Arts, Cairo