Pori [ pɔri ] (Swedish: Björneborg [ ˌ bjœrnə bɔrj ] ) is an old port and industrial town on the river Kokemäenjoki in Southwest Finland with a population of 83 303 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012).
The city is now 20 kilometers from the open sea ( Gulf of Bothnia ) removed because the land mass of northern Europe constantly uplifts in the course of land uplift since the melting of glacial glaciation of the Baltic Sea. Measurements have shown that the area still rises by one meter in 100 years. Most city fire Pori was so downriver moved several times in the course of time.
Pori has an area of 859.4 km ², of which 25.41 km ² water surface.
Pori was founded in 1558. 1895, the railway was built to Tampere.
Development of the Population:
The architecture is as in many other Finnish cities Creation by Carl Ludwig Engel. He also created the town hall dates from between 1839 and 1841. Worth seeing is the Juselius Mausoleum, which contains frescoes of the Finnish painter Akseli Gallen - Kallela. Its design is based on the spire of the Frankfurt Cathedral. It was in 1903 commissioned by the wealthy entrepreneur FA Juselius built for his deceased eleven years old daughter.
In the estuary, with the city of the island Kirjurinluoto, which takes place on an international jazz festival in July of each year is.
In Pori machinery, wood and other industries are located. Among other things, the agricultural machinery manufacturer Sampo Rosenlew is based in Pori.
Pori is the site of a radio station for short-and medium-wave of the Finnish broadcasting with a 185 -meter-high transmission tower for medium wave. About the transmission facilities in Pori abroad program of the Finnish broadcasting was mainly emitted until it gave up its shipments of this transmitting station in late 2007. Over the medium-wave transmitter then the program of Radio China International was spread by 2009 to 15 April 2013.
The Pori Airport is located 2 km south of the city.
Pori has a theater and a modern concert hall, in which, inter alia, the Chamber Orchestra regularly Pori Sinfonietta occurs. International attention is at the Pori since 1966 annually in July during the Pori Jazz Festival, during which a variety of spaces and parks to jazz venues are converted.
Named after the jazz festival in the town club FC Jazz Pori in 1993 and 1996 Finnish football champions. After the 2004 season, the club disbanded but insolvent. The football section of the club was founded in 1960 Musan Salama played in the 1990s short time in the second-rate Ykkönen.
The Hockey Teams porin Karhut and Rose Lewin Urheilijat -38 won 1965 and 1967, the Finnish championship. In 1967, the two clubs merged and now form the club porin Ässät, the 1971, 1978 and 2013 won the Finnish championship. Ässät carries its home games in the porin Jäähalli.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Akseli Gallen-Kallela (1865-1931), painter, architect and designer
- Antti Aarne (1867-1925), fairy tales researchers
- Selim Palmgren (1878-1951), composer and pianist
- Arvo Aaltonen (1889-1949), float
- Kelpo Grondahl (1920-1994), wrestler and Politicians
- Aarne Tarkas (1923-1976), film director and screenwriter
- Rauno Mäkinen (1931-2010), Ringer
- Veli -Pekka Ketola ( born 1948 ), ice hockey player, coach and functionary
- Pekka Rautakallio ( born 1953 ), ice hockey player and coach
- Seppo Vaihela ( b. 1953 ), football and Bandyspieler
- Antero Kivelä ( born 1955 ), professional ice hockey goaltender and coach, politician
- Tapio Levo ( born 1955 ), ice hockey player
- Kari Mäkinen ( born 1955 ), cleric
- Kari Hotakainen (* 1957), writer
- Arto Javanainen (1959-2011), ice hockey player
- Joni Nyman (born 1962 ), boxer
- Samuli Edelmann (* 1968), actor and singer
- Alexi Tuomarila (born 1970 ), jazz musician
- Sari Fisk (born 1971 ), ice hockey player
- Hannu Salonen (born 1972 ), director
- Antti Sumiala ( b. 1974 ), football player
- Tommi Rajamäki (born 1976 ), ice hockey player
- Jenni Haukio (* 1977), writer and poet
- Mira Luoti (born 1978 ), singer and actress
- Ville Aaltonen ( born 1979 ), Bandyspieler
- Masi Marjamäki ( born 1985 ), ice hockey player
- Hermanni Vuorinen ( born 1985 ), football player
- Timo Furuholm (* 1987), football player
- Jesse Joensuu ( * 1987), ice hockey player
- Joel Armia (* 1993), ice hockey player
Died in Pori
- Karl August Tavaststjerna (1860-1898), writer
- Eino Penttilä (1906-1982), javelin thrower
- Sweden Sundsvall ( Sweden), since 1940
- Denmark Sønderborg (Denmark), since 1952
- Norway Porsgrunn (Norway ), since 1956
- Latvia Riga ( Latvia), since 1964
- Germany Bremerhaven ( Germany ), since 1967
- Germany Stralsund ( Germany ), since 1968
- Hungary Eger ( Eger ) (Hungary ), since 1973
- Poland Kolobrzeg ( Poland), since 1977
- France Mâcon (France), since 1990