Rota is a 29 136 inhabitants great city, which lies in the southwest of the Spanish region of Andalusia, in the province of Cádiz in the north of the Bay of Cádiz. It is a popular tourism destination and focal point for the fishing industry in the area.
Rota is located at the northern end of the Bay of Cádiz. The city ranges from sea level to a height of 14 m in the center.
The neighboring cities are in the north Chipiona, El Puerto de Santa María in the east and Jerez de la Frontera in the northwestern inland. To the southeast lies the provincial capital Cádiz, which is connected by a headland with the mainland.
Different cultures and civilizations have left their mark on the place: " Astaroth " or " Asta Regia " called it the people of Tartessos. In the Roman Empire it was known as " Oraculum Menestei " and later "Speculum Rotae ". The Moors called the city " Rabeta Ruta ". The Christians who conquered the city in 1217, she finally gave the name " Rotta ". End of the 13th century became King Sancho IV " El Bravo " ( Wilde ) the place to Alonso Perez de Guzman, " El Bueno " ( the good ) from, as a sign of its heroic defense of Tarifa. From 1303 to 1780 he belonged to the rule of those of Ponce de Leon and then ( until 1823 ) the earl of Osuna.
The mainstay of the economy Rotas is tourism. Outside the main town pier and transit point for many fishing boats in the area. The U.S. Navy base is also an important employer in the region.
On September 26, 1953 the site the Base Naval de Rota east was opened. It has an area of 24.68 km ². On the basis, inter alia, a military airfield and port facilities are located with three piers.
- " La Costilla " was due to the clean water and the well-kept beach awarded as the most beautiful beach of Spain.
- Playa Rompidillo is, the beach right next to the old town, and extends alongside the beach promenade to the port.
- Playas de Salvajes Rota is a term for all the natural beaches Rotas, with its many sand dunes and pine trees, such as the beaches " Punta Candor " or " La Ballena ".
The city is also known for its numerous parks. The main attraction for tourists here especially the chameleon as well as historic statues and monuments.
- El Castillo de Luna was built as a Moorish Ribat in the 13th century and later occupied by the Count Rotas. Today's seat of local government.
- Iglesia de la O, a church with a late gothic nave, built in the 16th century. Inside, various styles can be seen: gothic, Elizabethan, Plateresque and Baroque.
- Arco de Regla or "Gateway to the flesh," is an old archway of the former fortification.
- Iglesia de la Caridad, a baroque Mary's Church, which lies outside the historic city walls.