Sitia (Greek Σητεία ( f sg ) ) is a comune ( Δήμος, Dimos ) east of the regional district Lasithi on the Greek Mediterranean island of Crete. The island forms one of the 13 regions of Greece.
The actual town of Sitia, which is also the seat of the municipality is to Ierapetra and Agios Nikolaos with 9,348 inhabitants, is the third largest city in the Regional District Lasithi, Lasithi Prefecture of the former. As a church, Sitia has 18 318 inhabitants ( 2011).
- 3.1 Museums
- 3.2 Archaeological sites in the area
- 3.3 natural sites in the area
Sitia is the center of the peasant characterized by extensive olive -growing region in the prefecture of Lasithi. Tourist resources are limited primarily to the harbor promenade, why was one of the few major sites get on Crete her typical character of the city. Situated on a plateau above the town of Sitia new international airport, which should be passed in the summer of 2004, his determination, is still broke and is used only as a regional airport for Greek domestic flights (as of May 2008). For 2012, two European airlines have announced, offering weekly flights to Sitia.
Sitia is the end point of the European Route 75
The municipality of Sitia is formed from three municipal districts, which are subdivided into villages on. The table below also settlements with more than 400 inhabitants are recorded ( population figures from the results of the 2011 census ).
- District Itanos - Δημοτική Ενότητα Ιτάνου - 2108 Place Karydi - Τοπική Κοινότητα Καρυδίου - 86
- Place Mitato - Τοπική Κοινότητα Μητάτου - 48
- Place Palekastro - Τοπική Κοινότητα Παλαικάστρου - 1227 Palekastro - Παλαίκαστρον - 953
- Zakros - Ζάκρος - 640
- Village of Agia Triada - Τοπική Κοινότητα Αγίας Τριάδος - 77
- Place Apidia - Τοπική Κοινότητα Απιδίων - 342
- Village of Armeni - Τοπική Κοινότητα Αρμένων - 322
- Place Chandra - Τοπική Κοινότητα Χανδρά - 226
- Place Pannagiannades - Τοπική Κοινότητα Παππαγιαννάδων - 268
- Place Ziros - Τοπική Κοινότητα Ζίρου - 462
- Municipality of Sitia - Δημοτική Ενότητα Σητείας - 14,513 Town of Sitia - Δημοτική Κοινότητα Σητείας - 9912 Sitia - 9348
- Piskokefalo - Πισκοκέφαλο - 642
- Skopi - Σκοπή - 553
Archaeological finds indicate a settlement since about 1050 BC According to Diogenes Laertius Sitia was the hometown of Myson, one of the Seven Sages. Excavations in the area ( Agia Fotia, Praissos ) provides evidence that colonization of the bay in Minoan and Hellenistic period. Venetians put on the city, which still shows up in the orthogonally arranged in streets. After city and fortress were destroyed in the 17th century began a rebuilding again until the mid-19th century.
The most famous son of the city is the poet Vitsentzos Kornaros, who wrote the novel in verse Erotokritos. The work is considered as the most important of the early modern Cretan literature.
Local attractions include the Archaeological Museum of Sitia, where finds from the archaeological sites of eastern Crete are shown. From the Neolithic to the Roman period objects are exhibited, mainly also from Kato Zakros.
The Venetian castle Kasarma, originally built by the Crusaders, and expanded during the Venetian occupation of the island, was destroyed in 1651 by its owners, not to let it fall into the hands of the Turks. It is located at the highest point of the city.
The Folklore museum displays traditional home appliances and tools as well as products from local craft production.
Archaeological sites in the area
- Itanos ( Minoan / Dorian seaport )
- Kato Zakros ( Minoan Palace)
- Monastery Toplou
- Palekastro ( Minoan city)
Natural sites in the area
- Palm beach of Vai
- Chandra's high- level