Taischet (Russian Тайшет, also Taishet, scientific transliteration Taishet ) is a Russian city with 35,485 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ) in the Irkutsk Oblast, Siberia.


Taischet emerged after 1897 from a Baustützpunkt and stop on the Trans-Siberian Railway in 4515 kilometers, about 680 km north- west of Irkutsk and about 400 km east of Krasnoyarsk; the municipal law was the place given, 1938.

Between the 1930s and 1950s was Taischet gulag camp headquarters of the districts Oserlag and ANGARSTROI. From here the railway construction of the first section of the Baikal - Amur Mainline was controlled. From Taischet to Bratsk on the Angara is after prisoner - lore " under each threshold at least one dead ." In addition to Japanese prisoners of the former Kwantung Army mainly Germans represented a large contingent of forced laborers, who had been sentenced to 25 years in general stock. In the fall of 1955, the survivors of them were collected in Taischet and prepared by Adenauer's visit to Moscow for the return journey.

Today Taischet is a major hub of rail transport in Siberia; in the city is the eastern end of the South Siberian Railway, a branch line of the Trans- Siberian Railway from Jurga about Novokuznetsk and Abakan to Taischet. Furthermore, in the city begins the Baikal - Amur Mainline, the second most important railway line in Siberia.


Note: Census data


  • Vladilen Letochow Stepanovich (1939-2009), Russian physicist, born in Taischet
  • Paul Mintz (1868-1941), Latvian lawyer and politician, died in a prison camp in Taischet
  • Ernst sealed Schweickert (1889-1951), German resistance fighter, victim of Stalinism, died in a prison camp