5988 ( March 31, 2013 )
Tinn is an independent municipality in the north of the province (county ) Telemark ( Norway) with 5988 inhabitants ( as of March 31, 2013).
The main town and administrative center of Rjukan is located 180 km west of Oslo and houses next to City Hall several schools, kindergartens, a library, a hospital, the Norwegian industrial museum and a museum of local history. The community occupies the southeastern part of the Hardangervidda National Park and reached the Gaustatoppen (1883 moh ). Their highest point. On the territory of the commune there are 800 small and large lakes, including the fjord-like, up to 434 meters deep Tinnsjø.
The history of Tinn municipality is closely linked to the internationally operating energy company Norsk Hydro, whose founder Sam Eyde, the force of the waterfall Rjukan (literally about: smoke case ) and other neighboring sources used and the previously isolated area, roadless vestfjord Valley for the first heavy industry in Norway goal for. In order to obtain the license for the development of the case, Eyde paid the former owners the then enormous sum of 160,000 Norwegian kroner. Within ten years, the population of the valley rose to 10,000 ( in 1917 ). The establishment of a saltpetre, administrative and social facilities, etc. transformed the agrarian structured former Såheim in the now named after the small town of Rjukan waterfall, which was to develop into an important location of Norsk Hydro.
For further history of the place, inter alia, during the German occupation period: see Rjukan
Since about 1960, Norsk Hydro is building its capacity in the municipality of Tinn from. By 1970, the workforce of the saltpetre had been reduced by half to 800 employees. Partly in cooperation with Norsk Hydro, the municipality tries to establish new industries. To the east of Rjukan was the Svadde industrial area, where, among other companies have settled out of the building, wood and glass industry.
An increasingly important factor is expectant of tourism for the community. The Gaustatoppen, many Norwegians the most beautiful peaks in the country 's view, offers a magnificent panoramic view. It annually attracts more than 30,000 visitors. In addition to several cable cars as the Krossobanen is a well-developed network of slopes and trails available.