Tongzhou District, Beijing
The Tongzhou District (通州 区; Pinyin: Tongzhou Qū ) is a municipality in the southeast of the city government immediate Beijing in the People's Republic of China. On an area of 906 km ² it is home to 1.184 million inhabitants.
After the occupation of Manchuria in 1931 and the establishment of the puppet state of Manchukuo in 1932, the Hebei Province was the buffer zone between the Nationalist Kuomintang in Beijing and the Japanese, who had occupied in 1933 and the northern neighboring provinces of Chahar and Rehe.
In 1935 the Japanese were in the Tongzhou one formed from collaborationist Chinese military Autonomous Military Council of East Hopei (East Hebei ).
Until Tongzhou Incident the Military next Hebei were formally placed under the provinces of Shandong, Shanxi, Henan and Jiangsu parts, then Hebei and Beijing were 1937-1945 occupied by Japanese troops.