- Memorial Stadium (1954-1991)
- Sportsman's Park / Busch Stadium (1902-1953), St. Louis
- World Series (3): 1966, 1970, 1983
- American League title (7): 1944, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1979, 1983
- Division titles ( 8): 1969-1971, 1973, 1974, 1979, 1983, 1997
The Baltimore Orioles are a Major League Baseball team in the American League, headquartered in Baltimore, Maryland. The club plays its home games at Oriole Park at Camden Yards. Heraldic animal of the Orioles is the eponymous Oriole (Icterus galbula ), a North American songbird, the players point to the caps.
The history of the Baltimore Orioles goes back to the Milwaukee Brewers of the Western League, which was founded in 1894. 1900, the Western League renamed itself the American League in 1901 and declared a Major League, in which the Brewers were a founding member. After just one season, the team then moved from Milwaukee to St. Louis.
St. Louis Browns
In St. Louis the team in St. Louis Browns was renamed in memory of the original team of the 1880s, which was now known as the St. Louis Cardinals. In most years in the St. Louis Browns were a mittelmäßges to bad team, which only in the 1920s had some good seasons, but their league rivals like the New York Yankees or the Washington Senators could not threaten. They remained always in the shadow of city rivals in the National League. Already in 1941 the Browns were a procession candidate in the American League, they should move to Los Angeles, this plan was thwarted by the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. Alone in 1944, the Browns were able to win a title in the American League, but failed due to the Cardinals in the World Series. They were at this time with the Philadelphia Phillies and the Brooklyn Dodgers are the only three teams in professional baseball who could not win the World Series.
1953 were adopted by the Anheuser- Busch Brewery, the St. Louis Cardinals. Bill Veeck, the majority owner of the Browns realized that economic potential is now stuck in the city rivals, and planned again a change in another city. Veecks moving plans were already in the 1940s, as a move to Milwaukee plan was rejected by the owners of other clubs. This fate threatened him now as well. So he decided the team to a resident of Baltimore group to sell. Without Veeck the other owners agreed to the move of the team to Baltimore.
The team was renamed again in Baltimore Orioles in Baltimore, a name which the city had tradition. In the last decade of the 19th century, a team under that name in the National League was established, in which Willie Keeler, John McGraw, Wilbert Robinson, Hughie Jennings played various members of the Baseball Hall of Fame. The New York Yankees played their first year in the American League before moving to New York as the Baltimore Orioles. Also under the name Orioles played from 1903 to 1953 a team in the International League at the AAA level of the minor leagues. For this team changed Babe Ruth in 1916 to the Boston Red Sox.
Six years needed the new Orioles to play in the American League for the championship can. Through a well-functioning farm system, player like Brooks Robinson, Boog Powell and Dave McNally developed into star players. 1966 joined Frank Robinson of the Cincinnati Reds to the Orioles. Robinson was the first player, who was elected in both leagues MVP. This year the Orioles won the first time in Baltimore the title in the American League. In the World Series, the O's were able to defeat the favored Los Angeles Dodgers with their star throwers Don Drysdale and Sandy Koufax 4-0.
The next song was the Orioles in 1969 celebrate after winning the Division title in the AL East. Among other things, by the strong performances of their pitcher Jim Palmer, the Orioles were able to record 109 victories this season for themselves. In the first American League Championship Series ( ALCS ) Baltimore defeated the Minnesota Twins 3-0 and went as favorite against the New York Mets in the World Series in 1969. However, the Mets kept 4-1 the upper hand.
In 1970, the Orioles Jim Palmer, Dave McNally and Mike Cuellar three pitchers in their ranks, who won at least 20 games. In the ALCS were in turn defeated the Minnesota Twins 3-0. In the World Series, the Orioles won their second title against the Cincinnati Reds 4-1 games. The following year, Pat Dobson joined to the other three launchers, so that four - Orioles Pitcher 1971 exceeded the mark of 20 wins. Oakland was defeated in the ALCS 3-0, but the Pittsburgh Pirates with superstar Roberto Clemente were not to defeat in the playoffs. Under manager Earl Weaver, the Orioles were the team with the most wins in baseball in the years 1966-1982. 1983 Orioles won their last World Series to date against the Philadelphia Phillies.
Two years earlier, was the first time Cal Ripken Jr. jersey Orioles in the Major Leagues. Until his retirement in 2001, he was the center of his team. From 30 May 1982 to 20 September 1998 Ripken played in every game, surpassing the record set by Lou Gehrig for more than three seasons.
In 1992 he moved into the new stadium Oriole Park at Camden Yards. In the new stadium, and with players like BJ Surhoff, Randy Myers and Roberto Alomar the Orioles emulated their services in the 1970s and reached in 1996 and 1997, the play-offs. There they had to but the Yankees and the Cleveland Indians defeated.
In recent years, the Orioles were unsuccessful and had to be in the (very competitive ) East Division before the notoriously unsuccessful until 2007 Tampa Bay Devil Rays with the penultimate, after its strengthening from 2008 even settle for the last place.
In the 2010 season, the manager was fired because of persistent failure twice. However, it showed the change to the third coach of the year, Buck Showalter, positive effect: in the last 57 games of the season still 34 victories and thus a positive balance under the new managers were reached (after only 32 wins in 105 games before ), but nothing on the last place changed in the division. In 2011, however, this short-term trend did not continue, so continue to the Orioles in their division remained the tail light role.
In Game 3 of the Division Series against the New York Yankees both rookies Ryan Flaherty and Manny Machado hit a home run. Never get two rookies on the same team and in the Postseason something. In the best of five series, the Orioles scored in every game of the series 3 or fewer runs. Only two other teams were able to achieve any more runs in a series: The 1973 Cincinnati Reds in the NLDS and the Houston Astros in 1981 in the NLCS. Buck Showalter managed in three Division Series with three different teams (1995 Yankees, 1999 Diamondbacks and 2012 Orioles ), and lost every time. He now has 2097 games managed. Currently, he is # 3 on the all-time best list ( regular season, since the Divisional Play - variant 1969). He has never taken a team to the League Championship Series. In front of him are still kind Howe ( 2266 games) and Frank Robinson ( 2241 ).
The colored cells describe their own performance in the AL East, the numbers in parentheses are the distances to the other teams at the end of the season. WC = Wild Card reaches ALDS = AL Division Series, ALCS reached = AL Championship Series AL = AL Pennant ( lost World Series ), WSC = World Series Champion
Orioles in the Hall of Fame
Jim Bottomley Willard Brown Jesse Burkett
Tommy Lasorda Heinie Manush Christy Mathewson Joe Medwick
Roberto Alomar Luis Aparicio Pat Gillick
Eddie Murray Jim Palmer Cal Ripken, Jr.
Robin Roberts Brooks Robinson Frank Robinson
Earl Weaver Hoyt Wilhelm Dick Williams
No longer assigned numbers
- 4 Earl Weaver
- 5 Brooks Robinson
- 8 Cal Ripken Jr.
- 20 Frank Robinson
- 22 Jim Palmer
- 33 Eddie Murray
- 42 Jackie Robinson (assigned by any team in the Major League Baseball more)
Player of the Orioles
- 53 Zach Britton
- 17 Brian Matusz
- 47 Evan Meek
- 56 Darren O'Day
- 60 Josh Stinson
- 58 Ryan Webb
- 29 Tommy Hunter
- 45 Steve Clevenger
- 32 Matt Wieters
- 23 Nelson Cruz
- 10 Adam Jones
- 9 David Lough
- 21 Nick Markakis
- 28 Steve Pearce
- 27 Delmon Young
- 75 Tim Berry
- 35 Brad Brach
- 49 Dylan Bundy
- 39 Kevin Gausman
- 52 Steve Johnson
- 66 T. J. McFarland
- 18 Suk- min Yoon
- 64 Michael Ohlman
- - David Adams
- 67 Michael Almanzar
- 13 Manny Machado
- 1 Jemile Weeks
- 62 Francisco Peguero
- 14 Nolan Reimold
- 51 Henry Urrutia
- 26 Buck Showalter
- 72 Rudy Árias ( Bullpen Catcher )
- 54 Dom Chiti ( Bullpen )
- 55 Einar Díaz ( Assistant Hitting )
- 11 Bobby Dickerson ( Third Base )
- 24 Wayne Kirby ( first base )
- 15 Jim Presley ( hitting )
- 82 Jett Ruiz ( Bullpen Catcher )
- 77 John Russell (Bench)
- 37 Dave Wallace ( pitching )
Injured List (60 days)
- 59 Edgmer Escalona
- 40 Troy Patton *
Injured List (15 days) * Locked Roster updated on April 2, 2014 Transfers • Establishment
Minor league teams the Orioles
- AAA Norfolk Tides, Norfolk, Virginia
- AA: Bowie Baysox, Bowie, Maryland
- Advanced A: Frederick Keys, Frederick, Maryland
- A: Delmana Shorebirds, Salisbury, Maryland
- Short A: Aberdeen IronBirds, Aberdeen, Maryland
- Rookie: Bluefield Orioles, Bluefield, West Virginia
- Rookie: Venezuela Summer League Orioles, Venezuela