American Cordillera


The Cordillera of the Americas at the western edge - the expansion is enormous as compared with the Himalayas


The American Cordillera (Spanish cordillera " mountain range " ) are a chain of the Cordillera, which stretches west North and South America.

With a length of 15,000 kilometers (width up to 2500 km ) represent the longest fold mountains of the world; it ranges from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. Closely related are the Cordillera to the Pacific Ring of Fire, whose eastern part, they form: many of the high peaks are volcanoes, all chains are marked by volcanism. The mountain system was formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate ( as well as the Cocos and Nazca Plate ) under the North American, the Caribbean and the South American Plate.


North America

See also List of mountain ranges on the North American Pacific coast

The Aleutian Islands form the north of Alaska, the sequel to the Ring of Fire, but are not counted as an island chain of the Cordilleras. Southeast Alaska ( the Alaska Panhandle ) is mostly occupied by the Cordillera.

  • Alaska
  • Elias range in Alaska and Canada
  • Cascade Range (or Pacific Cordillera ) on the west coast, primarily volcanic
  • Rocky Mountains in Canada and the U.S., the systems in the inland
  • Sierra Nevada in California

Central America

South America

The Cordilleras of South America are the Andes. They are made according to the region of two to three major chains: the Cordillera Occidental ( Western Cordillera ), Cordillera Central ( Central Range ) and the Cordillera Oriental (Eastern Cordillera ). There are also offshoots in the north and south.

  • Cordillera de Mérida in Venezuela, northern foothills
  • Western Cordillera Cordillera Occidental in Colombia
  • Cordillera Occidental in Ecuador; of which discontinued the coastal mountains Cordillera Costanera in Ecuador, a low mountain range
  • Cordillera Negra, Cordillera Blanca, Cordillera Huayhuash and Cordillera Raura in northern Peru
  • Volcánica Cordillera in southern Peru
  • Cordillera Occidental in Bolivia
  • Central Range Cordillera Central in Colombia
  • Cordillera Real ( also Cordillera Central and Cordillera Oriental ) in Ecuador
  • Cordillera Central ( with Apolobamba Cordillera, Cordillera Real, Cordillera Muñecas, Cordillera Tres, Cordillera Azanaques, Cordillera de Frailes, Cordillera de chichas and Cordillera de Lípez ) in Bolivia
  • Eastern Cordillera Cordillera Oriental in Colombia
  • Cordillera Oriental ( Cordillera Azul with, Cordillera Huaguruncho, Cordillera Cordillera Vilcanota and Huaytapallana ) in Peru
  • Cordillera Oriental ( Cordillera de Cochabamba with ) in Bolivia
  • Cordillera de la Costa, the coastal mountains in Chile, southern foothills
  • Cordillera Darwin in Tierra del Fuego, the southernmost foothills
  • Mountains in North America
  • Mountains in the United States
  • Mountains in Canada
  • Mountains in Mexico
  • Mountains in America