Astra 1B is a television satellite of SES Global ( formerly SES Astra - Société Européenne des Satellites - Astra ), headquartered in Betz village in Luxembourg, which was set for TV reception in Europe.
Starting Soon after, the next Astra 1A Satellite has been appointed at GE Astrospace - He should copositioned on 19,2 ° Ost. On 2 March 1991, the now -called Astra 1B satellite from the Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana was launched into space as planned and positioned between 19. and 25 March 1991, and Astra 1A.
After the first test broadcasts the satellite on 15 April 1991 with the intrusion of the German programs Eins Plus, Tele 5 and Premiere, the Danish and Norwegian TV3 programs as well as The Movie Channel of the BSkyB Group was formally put into operation. Four days later, Sky Sports followed. The Japanese stations JSTV began to spread on May 3, 1991 his program on Astra 1B. Since May 29, 1991 Euro Sport began with his double emission via the Astra position, because the transmitter was to continue to receive via Astra 1A. The The Children 's Channel changed on 1 September 1991 from 1A to 1B thirteen days later N 3 was launched. On 1 October 1991, the one-year presence of the British Comedy Channel began. The Danish TV3 program changed on 29 November 1991 transponder, so was able to carry on the previously used transponder n-tv first test broadcasts from 22 October 1992. Between January 22, 1992 and August 31, 1992 took advantage of HVC, used by Sky Movies Gold from 1 October 1992 transponder. Also FilmNet and MTV Europe each began on 13 December 1991 and 10 April 1992 on the day, as well as CNN International with its broadcasts began on Astra, with double radiations. On 19 October 1992, the Sky channel UK Gold took over the previously used by FilmNet transponder. TV Asia took from 8 December 1992 to 16 December 1993 set up a transponder in conjunction with Sky Movies Gold, on 1 October 1995 was followed by the British Disney Channel. The two Spanish pay - TV channels and Cinemanía Documanía are present since 18 December 1992 Astra 1B. After Tele 5 31 December 1992 ceased its transmit mode, the DSF took over the previously used frequency. Since 27 August 1993, the ARD sends to the previously used by One Plus Transponder - on the same day went on 1C ZDF broadcast. The dual emission of MTV Europe ended on 30 September 1993 with the intrusion of the British VH1. October 1, 1994, JSTV and CMT Europe shared a transponder. On 15 and 31 July 1996 left the Norwegian and Danish TV3 programs 1B, thus two transponders were free, was first used by the latter of the Scandinavian version of Nickelodeon, which sent the timeshare with the Scandinavian ScFi channel. From the end of November 1997, the German version of Nickelodeon was then placed here on, the here switched from Astra 1C and the transponder with the German VH1 announced. The second free transponder time the British Sky Sports 3 The setting of the German Nickelodeon program remained in the evenings initially VH1, Viacom later used the transponder for the dissemination of MTV Central. Since August 1996 Documanía sent via 1C, Sportsmanía was instead switched. About a year later, on 1 December 1997, changed the Canal Satélite transmitter, which included Cinemanía and Sportsmanía, for digital transmission on Astra 1E. The ORB (now RBB ) took from a transponder from 1 December 1997 claim, the other took over from 7 January 1998, the Bayerische Rundfunk for its educational channel BR alpha.
After Premiere Ground surrounded by the analog to digital transmission form and the BSkyB group moved at 28.2 ° East, from 1998, became the place for the new Tele 5, which began its program on 28 April 2002, as well as for crystal clear TV, the most March 1, 2003 began. Other former used for analog TV transponders were then used for digital pay - TV packages.
Since November 2004 Astra 1B is no longer active. Since 14 July 2006 he is officially off and is located in a graveyard orbit. His successors are Astra 1E and Astra 1KR.
The satellite could, like Astra 1A, are received without impairment in Central Europe. With great effort, a reception in Western Europe and in parts was Northern, Southern and Eastern Europe possible.