The Audi 100 ( 1994 A6) refers to a series of the upper middle class of Audi, known internally as " C- type".
The first Audi 100 was released in March 1968 and was produced until July 1994 in four generations. Since the restructuring of the type specifications in August 1994 means the vehicle A6. Unlike the Audi 80/A4, which coincided with the renaming of the model change, the first A6 was just a revised version of the last Audi 100
The A6 is available as a four-door notchback sedan and five-door station wagon ( Avant) today. Previous models were also available as a two-door sedan (C1 and C2), Coupe (C1 ) or as a hatchback (C2). The sports variant is called S6.
100 C1 ( 1968-1976 )
The notice published in the spring of 1968 the first Audi 100 generation, the C1, laid the foundation for the current success of the Audi brand. Despite its overall still quite conservative approach ensured the time in this car class yet rare front-wheel drive and the pleasing shape of the spacious body for good sales success, because a total of 827 474 units of the first Audi 100 generation were built, including 30 687 copies of the summer of 1970 available coupes. Starting fall of 1969, was a two-door sedan at the dealership.
These reliable, but tough engines were all longitudinally mounted inline four- cylinder with lateral camshaft and carburetor. They were based on the originally acquired from Mercedes " medium-pressure engine " of the Audi F103 and were 80 to 115 hp available at the power levels. The modern OHC engine with 1600 cc and 85 hp from the new Audi 80 However, there were from 1974 as the base engine.
The four-speed gearbox was - like with the F103 - available with optional steering wheel or middle circuit. From 1970, a three- speed automatic was available. A power steering - because of the high load on the front axle actually desperately needed - was available only from 1971.
The C1 was built by July 1976 as a two - and four-door notchback sedan and two-door coupe as.
Audi 100 two-door ( 1969-1976 )
Audi 100 Coupe S ( 1970-1976 )
100 C2 ( 1976-1982 )
The Audi 100 C2 was presented in August 1976 with a new body and new OHC engines. In particular, the 1977 series offered five-cylinder gasoline engine caused a stir because it was offered as a carburetor version (115 hp) and a direct-injection version (136 hp). With his good run culture, he was closer to the six-and the four-cylinder. From the autumn of 1978, a diesel engine with five cylinders and 70 horsepower was offered.
The C2 was optionally available as two - and four-door sedan, to which from September 1977 for the first time joined an avant -called hatchback version with a large tailgate and a variable ( foldable ) rear seat.
A as a "CD 5E " designated (from the fall of 1979 "Audi 200") available luxury version provided a very generous feature set, the " 200 5T " with turbocharged five-cylinder engine produced 170 horsepower. In C2 also a five -speed transmission was first available and all trim levels were standard equipped with a glued windscreen made of laminated glass.
This model was also exported to the USA, was there, however, Audi 5,000.
Audi 100 Avant ( 1977-1982 )
100 C3 ( 1982-1991 )
The presented in August 1982 Audi 100 C3 set a world record in the field of aerodynamics. The drag coefficient (Cd ) of 0.30 was very spacious body of the trade press sit up, new problems such as " inside heating " due to the highly inclined disks were raised by this model.
In addition to the only four-door sedan Avant was also from mid-1983 again available. Also from this Audi 100 generation there were also from mid-1983, again a luxury offshoot called Audi 200, with the difference that this one came in the summer of 1984, also known as Avant on the market. Also was a U.S. version as the Audi 5000 in the program, but only for the local market.
As a special feature in volume production, the body of C3 was fully galvanized as the first and was the annoying rust problem going on. The technique was the same except for detail changes substantially as in the predecessor. The five-cylinder diesel was ( "TDI") offered from mid-1983 as a turbo version and from early 1990, the first direct injection. From the spring of 1988 there was the top versions with all-wheel drive ( " Quattro ").
Audi 100 Avant ( 1983-1991 )
100 C4 (1990-1994)
The end of 1990 was followed by the last - generation Audi 100 ( internally called C4 ), which carried the designation A6 for a revision in the summer of 1994. From the autumn of 1991 was again an Avant in the program, which now represented a pure station wagon and no mix of hatchback and wagon.
The body was again completely new, even though they looked quite similar to the C3 at first glance. The bottom plate, the chassis has been slightly revised. Among the well-known four-and five-cylinder in-line engines came a new V6, initially with 2.8 liters and 174 hp. All petrol engines were equipped with regulated catalytic converter.
In mid-1991 appeared as the new flagship model of the "S4" on the basis of the already known turbo five-cylinder engine, but with two overhead camshafts and four valves per cylinder. The engine produced 230 hp. The S4 was delivered exclusively with permanent all -wheel drive.
1992 got the S4 to 280-hp V8 from the big " V8" said Audi and either a six-speed manual transmission. All C4 were delivered from 1993 standard with air bag. On the occasion of the revision and renaming in July 1994 for the " A6 " the last five-cylinder petrol engines were removed from the program.
Audi 100 Avant (1991-1994)
A6 ( since 1994)
The renaming of the series in A6 or S6 ended in the summer of 1994, the successful Audi 100 era in favor of the new model name strategy "Audi A x ". Introduced with the Audi F103 logic to designate the Audi models after the performance in hp ( Audi Audi 60 to 90), had already been held not by the C1. The first Audi A6 for new designation was a "face the lifted " Audi 100 C4, which was built as an Audi A6 C4 until the spring of 1997.
To introduce the renewed sedan, the sedan received the C6 series in spring 2004 at the Geneva Motor Show, the Award Car # 1 of Europe. In addition, the A6 in the reader's choice Best Cars of 2005 was the motoring magazine Auto Motor und Sport winner in its class and got beyond the conferred by the ADAC Yellow Angel award in 2005. This was also reflected in the sales figures.
2005 succeeded the A6, to end the 30 years of domination by Mercedes in the upper middle class in the German market. The A6 was just in front of the E-Class and the BMW 5 Series at No. 1, 2006, he defended his lead and extended it further. In the following years, again took the E-Class the first place. In Europe, the A6 was the best selling model of the upper middle class in 2005.
In April 2011 came the fourth generation of the Audi A6 C7, on the market. The C7 is offered optionally with three petrol and four diesel engines. The Avant wagon version has been available since September 2011.
Also at the IAA 2011, the Sport variant S6 was introduced, with the four-liter V8, twin turbochargers and 309 kW ( 420 hp ) is equipped. The more powerful version of Audi RS6 will follow in summer 2013.
Audi A6 C5 1997-2005
Audi A6 C6 2004-2011
Audi A6 C7 since 2011
Private customers account for only a small part of the A6- new-car buyers. In 2008, 86.7 % of all Audi A6 sold in Germany were commercially approved.