Busseto is a comune in the Province of Parma in the Emilia- Romagna with 7080 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012). Busseto is known as the birthplace ( which today is my finished and officially designated as Roncole Verdi village of Le Roncole ) and home of Giuseppe Verdi. Large national attention gained Busseto in 1976, as here took place a part of the filming for the movie 1900 ( Novecento ) by Bernardo Bertolucci.
In addition to the main town of Busseto includes the municipality of nine, all predominantly rural, districts ( Contrada della Chiesa, Frescarolo, Madonna Prati, Roncole Verdi, Samboseto, San Rocco, Sant'Andrea, Semoriva and Spigarolo ). The entire municipality is located in the completely flat, intensively farmed Bassa Parmense, which belongs to the province of Parma part of the Po Valley. In the west, the municipality of Busseto bordering the river Ongina, who is also the border with the neighboring province of Piacenza.
In the city and in the surrounding area there are a number of sites that linked to the life of Giuseppe Verdi and - referred to as " luoghi Verdiani " - are also to visit. These include:
Le Roncole, the birthplace of Verdi with a preserved and accessible as a museum Birthplace. Also in Le Roncole lived from 1952 to 1968 the writer and journalist Giovannino Guareschi, famous as the author of the saga of Don Camillo.
San Michele Arcangelo, the village church in Le Roncole where the young Verdi learned to play the organ.
Casa Barezzi, the house of the man who encouraged his early efforts and where Verdi had his first public appearance in 1830.
Santa Maria degli Angeli, a Franciscan monastery with a Gothic church, visited Verdi frequently. 1836 gave the young master here a sensational organ concert.
The Villa Verdi at Sant'Agata, a neighboring village, which belongs to the municipality of Villa Nova Sull'Arda, is the house that gave Verdi in 1848 in order, as he lived in Busseto. His parents lived there until 1851, when it became Verdi's home for the rest of his life. After the death of his wife Giuseppina in 1897, he remained there less frequently.
The Teatro Giuseppe Verdi in Busseto is a small theater with 300 seats, built by the municipality with the support of Verdi's, but not with his consent. The theater is housed inside the Rocca Pallavicino.
In addition to its main attractions, the luoghi Verdiani, Busseto has several other interesting cultural and architectural monuments. The small old town with its main street via Roma with its arcades is a typical for the area renaissance center, which is one of the best preserved in the Bassa Parmense.
The Rocca Pallavicino, an early complete by a moat surrounded the castle, which belonged to the noble Pallavicini since the Middle Ages. The Rocca was destroyed several times, restored and rebuilt in its history; its present form dates from a comprehensive reconstruction in Neo-Gothic style in 1857. From medieval castle is still the main tower received. The Rocca is now home to the Teatro Verdi and the town hall of Busseto.
The Villa Pallavicino is also erected by the Pallavicino Renaissance building that was built outside the city walls Busseto in a large park. The villa is one of the most magnificent Renaissance castles in the region and now houses the Museo Nazionale Giuseppe Verdi. The courtyard is used for special occasions as a theater.
Among the churches of the city is San Bartolomeo di Busseto, where the saint is buried Roland of Salsomaggiore.