The Deister with Calenberger country Süntel and Small Deister as well as surrounding towns and cities
The Deister, also called Big Deister, is a maximum of 405 m above sea level. NHN high ridge in Calenberger mountains on the northern border of Lower Saxony's mountain country near Hanover in the districts of Schaumburg, Hameln -Pyrmont, and the Hanover region. Although he is often seen as part of the Weser mountain country, he is not among them in the narrow sense.
- 6.1 Cycling
- 6.2 Winter Sports
- 6.3 gliding
The Deister is approximately 20 km southwest of Hanover. It stretches between the towns of bath nominal village in the northwest, Barsinghausen in the north, Wennigsen in the northeast, Bennigsen in the east, in the southeast Jump, Bad Munder in the south, southwest and Lauenau Eimbeckhausen in the west to about 21 km in length; its width is on average four kilometers. In a southeasterly extension of the ridge of the Little Deisters connects.
The Deister is the natural spatial feature unit group Weser -Leine Bergland (No. 37), in the main unit Calenberger Bergland ( 378) and in the sub-unit South Hanover mountains ( 378.3 ) from the natural areas Barsinghausener Deister ( 378.30; northeast) and Nienstedter Deister ( 378.31; southwest).
On the north-east of its main ridge lying areas of the Deister the conservation area is north Deister ( CDDA-Nr. 323262; designated in 1994; 55.99 km ² ), and on the south-west to areas is the three-part LSG Süddeister ( CDDA-Nr. 324902-4; 1967; 75.6 km ²). South-west of this ridge extends the Fauna- Flora-Habitat area Süntel, Weser Mountains, Deister ( FFH-Nr. 3720-301; 24.97 km ²).
The Deister has a hercynisch pronounced strike direction. It forms the north-eastern wing of a large saddle structure. A bar separates the densely forested mountain range equal to the southeast, Small Deister and the Osterwald flat Calenberger Lössbörde on the settlement chambers of Ith, the Süntel and Bückeberge.
The abdachende to the northeast half of the Deister is characterized by outcropping sandstones, siltstones and mudstones, some with intercalations of coal. There are the so-called Upper Church layers ( Wealden ) of the Lower Cretaceous. The southwest abdachende morphologically somewhat steeper half is characterized by outcropping marl stones, shales and limestones. It is the so-called mouths marl of the Upper Jura. Further to the southwest, close limestones, the so-called " Eimbeckhäuser Plattenkalk " to.
Flora and Fauna
The mountain range is covered by a beech-spruce, partly beech oak forest and mixed forest. At the height Cecilie at bath nominal village, the barbecue area Lauenau - Feggendorf and southwest of the former forestry house Köllnischfeld still have several copies of the rare, native here Süntelbuchen.
Among the rare plants of the Deister include also: sleeve ( Holly ), daphne, orchids, sundew, globe flower, lobed shield fern and Large snowdrops.
The Deister houses for a German low mountain ranges typical wildlife. Red deer, roe deer and wild boar are found numerous. More Hair occurring species are tree and stone marten, ermine, polecat and weasel and the fox. He is now also home to Bioinvasoren as raccoon and raccoon dog. The native countries of birds of prey buzzard, goshawk and red kite. Of the rarer small animals here are the species of bat mouse-eared and lesser horseshoe bat at home.
The Deister is located in the border area of old Germanic provinces, territories of medieval and modern districts. Therefore, in the ridge numerous historical sites, which are often hiking destinations to find:
- Approximately 200 prehistoric mounds, mainly in Rehborn and in the snow ground
- Old stone formation baptism
- Many old landmarks and memorials
- Old quarries, where earlier Deister sandstone was extracted
- Remnants of the coal - mining industry in the Deister, including the Feggendorfer studs
- Remains of early medieval ring walls: Heister castle in Lauenau
- WOULD castle in Lauenau - Feggendorf
- Bennigser castle at Bennigsen
Information panel " recreational landscape Large Deister "
Visitor mine tunnel monastery am Deister
Water wheels in Wennigsen
The Deister is crossed by numerous farm roads that are frequently used by mountain bikers. The main roads are passable with trekking bikes. For racing cyclists enjoys the Nienstedter pass great popularity since it is the only way across the Deister, which is suitable for road bikes. The steepest road bike suitable driveway is the beginning in Springe Jägerallee with a maximum gradient of 15 percent. With the road bike but here it is impossible to Deister crossing.
In Deister at Jump, there are three ski lifts. Further trails are created when Kölnischfeld in appropriate weather. These systems are maintained by the Ski Club eV Jump.
In Südsüdwestwind form from the Deister lee waves, where gliders can rise to great heights in laminar thermal. Heights of up to 7000 m have already been flown here without engine power.
The Deister ridge is between 276.6 m ( Nienstedter pass ) to 405 m high. Among the mountains and elevations of the Deister - sorted by height in meters ( m) above mean sea level ( MSL ), unless otherwise called aloud:
- Bröhn (405 m) - with Anna Tower ( AT)
- Deer heads (about 400 m)
- Höfeler (395 m) - with air traffic control system
- Reinekensiekskopf ( 382 m) - with Nordmann storm
- Hohewarte ( 379 m)
- Fahrenbrink ( 376 m)
- Great Neck (361 m) - with telecommunications tower
- Ebersberg ( 355 )
- Bielenstein ( cliff, 344 m) - with shelter
- Egge ( 339 m)
- Kalenberg ( 309.7 m)
- Strutzberg (198 m) - with Belvedere Tower ( AT)
On the Deister there are several towers (selection):
- Anna tower (29 m ) observation tower on the Bröhn, with Waldgaststätte Annaturm
- Increased Belvedere tower, lookout tower on the Strutzberg, built 1852 1987
- Telecommunications tower Barsinghausen (139 m, 150 m with antenna ) built on the Great Neck, 1967-1969.
- Nordmann tower ( 19 m ), on the Reinekensiekskopf 1862 /63 of Hanoverian bricklayers and stonemasons master Constantin Nordmann ( 1805-1889 ) built 1881 rebuilt by lightning zerstört/1882, renovated 2000 - Access through the forest restaurant Nordmann storm
Telecommunications tower Barsinghausen
Nordmann storm ( with restaurant )
- Radar station of the German Air Traffic Control (DFS ) on the Höfeler: One of six nationwide SRE - M systems: platform 26 m high / antenna with 38.5 m, 1981/82 built as a concrete tower (replacement for an old steel lattice construction ). The range is about 145 nautical miles (NM ), which corresponds to 270 km.
Aeronautical ground station DFS
VDF direction finder DFS
Nienstedt is the only major town in the Deister. At its edges are:
- Bad Munder
- Bad Nenndorf
- Brede Beck
- Wennigser Mark
The phrase " gone over the Deister " may " disappeared" for, but also " died " are: In the North German usage, the term " beyond the Deister " used as " the stream go down " or " go over the Jordan ."
A person with whom you want to have nothing to do, you would most like to " send over the Deister " so he finally disappears.
The phrase was probably due to the exodus of many young people from the Schaumburg area south-west to the Deister in the growing city of Hannover in the 19th and early 20th centuries: this is " über'n Deister " on the northeast side of the ridge. Another theory from the field of tourism suggested that the phrase by human sacrifice at the Old baptism arose. However, it is historically disputed whether actually took place at the stone human sacrifice.
Another theory is due to the village of Nienstedt Deister. The areas of the district Nienstedt were cleared during the period from about 1200 to 1700 by monks of the monastery Barsinghausen. The church has always been Nienstedter are therefore belonging to Barsinghausen, but had many decades or even centuries not have its own cemetery. So the deceased had to be laboriously to be buried " go beyond the Deister ".
Transport and Hiking
By situated at Völksen Ostausläufer of the Deister the main road leads 217 (Jump - Völksen - stein ) and southwest and west by the highway 442 ( Bad Munder - Eimbeckhausen - Messenkamp - Lauenau - Rodenberg bath nominal village ) with connection to the west extending federal highway 2 (junction Lauenau ). North passes the provincial road 391 ( Bad nominal Village Hohenbostel - Barsinghausen - Egestorf - Egestorf - Wennigser marrow Wennigsen ), adjoins the east of the B217 running L 390 ( Wennigsen - Argestorf - Brede Beck Bennigsen ). So you can drive around the Deister entirely. Approximately centrally by the Deister leads from Egestorf in the northeast over the Nienstedter pass ( 276.6 m) and by Nienstedt after Eimbeckhausen in the southwest, the L 401 and between Nienstedt and Messenkamp runs the county road 61 by the West foothills of the mountain range.
For example, on these streets beginning, the Deister be hiking on forest trails and paths. Its hiking trails include:
- European long-distance path E1, runs from Bad Nenndorf largely on the ridge trail through the Deister to Bad Munder am Deister
- Calenberger way ( bath nominal village Marienburg), runs from Bad Nenndorf first on the north side crosses the Deister on Tarternpfahl and leaves him in Völksen
- Roswithaweg ( Nienburg - bath home Gander ), runs on the south side
- Kansteinweg (Hannover - Alfeld ), crosses the Deister at the Wöltjebuche
- Deisterkreisel, Radtourenweg that leads to the Great Deister around