The Frick Collection is an art museum in New York City in the United States.
The Frick Collection is located at the south end of the Museum Mile on the Upper East Side in New York City borough of Manhattan on Fifth Avenue and 70th Street.
Model for the Frick Collection is the collection of Richard Wallace, who together with his art collection to convert his house in London into a museum and made available to the public as Wallace Collection. Henry Clay Frick (1849-1919) saw this collection in London and was thrilled by the intimate presentation of works of art.
Frick had accumulated a considerable fortune in the Pittsburgh steel industry and merged his company with that of Andrew Carnegie. In 1905 he moved to New York City to spend his twilight years. He commissioned the architects Carrère and Hastings to build a mansion on Central Park. At the corner of Fifth Avenue and 70th Street was built in the years 1913/1914 for $ 5 million a representative residence for Henry Clay Frick and his wife Adelaide. After his death in 1919 the house went with the art collection of 131 pictures transferred to a foundation, but was first occupied by his widow. After her death in 1931 the building for use as a museum, a concert and lecture hall and an atrium was reconstructed, two showrooms, added. In 1935, the Frick Collection opened its doors to the public. Next to the house and the collection bequeathed to Henry Clay Frick Foundation $ 15 million for maintenance of the collection and further acquisitions. The foundation bought at 75 more images. 1977 received the Frick Collection two more exhibition spaces for temporary exhibitions.
2011, the portico of the exhibition building was glazed and decorated for the collection of Meissen porcelain from Henry H. Arnhold, as well as sculptures.
The Frick Collection was the model for many patrons in the United States, such as the Kimbell Art Museum in Fort Worth, Texas. Andrew Mellon donated his art collection and financed the building of the National Gallery in Washington, DC.
The collection of the Frick Collection shows in 16 gallery spaces more than 1100 works of art from the Renaissance to the late 19th century.
The Italian Renaissance painting is represented by artists such as Giovanni Bellini, Gentile Bellini, Agnolo Bronzino, Cimabue, Duccio di Buoninsegna, Gentile da Fabriano, Fra Filippo Lippi, Piero della Francesca, Titian and Paolo Veronese. In addition, later artists such as Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and Francesco Guardi.
The English painting of the 18th century is represented by seven works by Thomas Gainsborough. More British painter at the Frick Collection are John Constable, Francis Cotes, William Hogarth, John Hoppner, Thomas Lawrence, Henry Raeburn, Joshua Reynolds, George Romney and Joseph Mallord William Turner.
Among the outstanding works of art of Dutch painting of the 17th century are by Jan Vermeer 's paintings woman with maid, The broken music hour and The Soldier and the laughing girl, important works by Rembrandt van Rijn, as well as paintings from Gerard ter Borch, Jan van de Capelle, Aelbert Cuyp, Frans Hals, Jan van der Heyden, Meindert Hobbema, Gabriel Metsu, Jacob van Ruisdael, Salomon van Ruysdael, Isaac van Ostade and Philips Wouwerman. In addition, shows the Frick Collection, the Flemish artist Pieter Brueghel the Elder, Gerard David, Hans Memling, Peter Paul Rubens, Jan van Eyck and Anthony van Dyck, of which there are eight pictures in the Frick Collection.
When Spanish painter Francisco de Goya, El Greco and Diego Velázquez are represented, while German art with a work of Konrad Witz and two paintings by Hans Holbein the Younger is only marginally present.
A focus of the museum is the collection of French paintings, wherein the painters François Boucher and Jean- Honoré Fragonard own rooms dedicated. Also in the collection are works by Jean - Baptiste Pater, Jean -Marc Nattier, Jean -Antoine Watteau, Claude Lorrain, Jean Baptiste Greuze, Chardin and Jacques -Louis David. Among the exhibited artists of the 19th century include Camille Corot, Charles- François Daubigny, Jean -Auguste -Dominique Ingres, Edgar Degas, Jules Dupré, Jacob Maris, Anton Mauve, Édouard Manet, Jean -François Millet, Claude Monet, Pierre- Auguste Renoir, Théodore Rousseau and Constant Troyon.
One of the few American artists in the Frick Collection include Gilbert Stuart, of which the museum has a portrait of George Washington in his collection, as well as an extensive collection of prints and paintings James McNeill Whistler. In addition, the Frick Collection has significant sculptures, clocks from the 16th to the 19th century, silverware, precious carpets, Chinese porcelain, enamel works from Limoges and French furniture of the 18th century.
In addition to changing exhibitions and lectures in the museum regularly hosts concerts. An extensive art library is attached to the museum.
The special features of the Frick Collection heard that the 131 images of the original collection of Henry Clay Frick not leave the will of the patron of the building and thus may not be loaned to other museums. Another feature is the provision that children receive no admittance to the tenth year of life.
Hans Holbein the Younger: Portrait of Sir Thomas More
El Greco: Jesus in the Temple
Titian: Man with red cap
Vermeer Woman with maid
Ingres: Louise de Broglie