Hugh III of Cyprus

Hugh of Antioch -Lusignan (* 1235, † March 1284 in Tyre ) was as Hugo III. King of Cyprus, as well as Hugo I. King of Jerusalem.

He was the son of Henry of Antioch -Lusignan and thus grandson of Prince Bohemond IV of Antioch of the family of Ramnulfiden. His mother was Isabella of Cyprus, the daughter of King Hugh I of Cyprus.

After his aunt Queen Plaisance of Cyprus was in 1261 died Hugo was added in their place as regent for his underage cousin Hugh II of Cyprus. Hugh II was proclaimed in 1258 by a majority of the barons of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in place of the nominal ( also minor ) King Conradin the " Lord from Jerusalem " and his regent had taken over the government in the Kingdom. 1264 took over Hugo even there the regency for his cousin.

When Hugo II 1267 died a minor and childless, succeeded him as Hugo Hugo III. of Cyprus. After the execution of Conradin in 1268 by Charles of Anjou in Naples, he was from the Haute Cour of Jerusalem recognized as the new king and was also crowned it as Hugo I. on September 24, 1269 in Tyre to the king of Jerusalem. He then took part in the crusade of the English prince Edward Plantagenet (see crusade of Prince Edward ), with whom he, landed at Acre on May 9, 1271. An attempted invasion of Cyprus by Sultan Baybars I was repulsed. However, it succeeded the Mamluks in turn to strike back with the "Franks" allied Mongols from Syria, which is why the crusade ended in a stalemate. On May 22, 1272 Hugo signed in Caesarea with the Mamluks, a fixed-term of ten years and ten months ceasefire, which the Christians their territories confirmed.

Then Hugo resided several years in Acre, the capital of the remaining Kingdom of Jerusalem. His government there but was particularly hampered by the Knights Templar, which is why he Balian of Ibelin as his bailiff entrusted the regency in October 1276, the mainland left after Cyprus. His position as King of Jerusalem was then denied by Charles of Anjou, who in 1277 bought by Hugo's aunt Maria of Antioch whose questionable throne claims and brought in September of the year with the support of the Templars Acre under his control, where he effectively as anti-king to Hugo occurred. Of the men of Tyre and Beirut Hugo was, however, continue to be recognized as their king. 1283 landed Hugo III. in Tyre, to from there the reconquest of Acre to try. However, his Cypriot vassals were not willing to do for a long time outside of Cyprus military service, so that the company failed. In Tyre Hugo finally fell ill and died there in March 1284, his body was in the St. Sophia Cathedral (now the Selimiye Mosque) in Nicosia transferred.


He married Isabella of Ibelin, daughter of the constable of Cyprus, Guy of Ibelin, with whom he had five sons and two daughters:

  • John I. / II. († May 20, 1285 ), 1284 King of Cyprus and Jerusalem;
  • Bohemond († November 3, 1283 );
  • Henry II († 1324 ) 1285 King of Cyprus and Jerusalem, ∞ 1319 Constance, daughter of King Frederick II of Sicily;
  • Amalric, constable of Jerusalem, Regent of Cyprus 1306-1310, Titularfürst of Tyre ∞ Isabella of Armenia, daughter of King Leo III. ;
  • Guido († 1303), constable of Cyprus ∞ after 1284 Eschiva of Ibelin, Lady of Beirut, widow of Humphrey of Montfort;
  • Margaret, ∞ Thoros III. of Armenia;
  • ∞ Maria Jacob, King of Aragon and Sicily;