New Rochelle, New York

Westchester County


New Rochelle [ rəʃɛl, roʊ - ] is a city in Westchester County in the U.S. state of New York. The city is located about 26 kilometers from the Grand Central Terminal, the city center of New York City, away. 1900, 14,720 residents lived in New Rochelle. 1910, there were 28,867, in 1920 58,408 36 213 and 1940. In 2010, the population amounted to 77 062 inhabitants. The city's name comes from the French Huguenot fortress of La Rochelle ago.

  • 3.1 Sons and daughters of the town
  • 3.2 New Rochelle in cultural performances


17th Century

The origin of New Rochelle is the contract of sale between Thomas Pell and the Siwanoy Indians with respect to the Pelham Manor in 1654.

1687 purchased by Thomas Pell's nephew, John Pell, the rich merchant and governor of New York, Jacob Leisler, as agent for the Huguenots, 24 square kilometers of land and in addition received 0.4 square kilometers for a French church building.

1689 came thousands of Huguenots in the area after the French King Louis XIV had revoked the Edict of Nantes. They called their new settlement after the port from which they had set out to La Rochelle. Even today, in the Hudson Park is a monument that commemorates the French settlers.

Once again gave John and Rachell Pell 1689 25 km ² of land from New Rochelle to Jacob Leisler. The donation was associated with the condition, "as to acknowledgment to the Lord of the Manor one Fatt Said Calfe on every Fouer and twentieth day of June yearly and every year forever (if Demanded ). "

18th century

1775 General George Washington stopped in New Rochelle on his way to Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he was to take command of the army of the United Colonies.

In October 1776, the British Army occupied New Rochelle and Larchmont. General Sir William Howe established the headquarters on the heights of the North Avenue across the Eastchester Road. The British relief column, 4000 Hesse and Waldeck under Lieutenant - General Baron Wilhelm to Innhausen and Knyphausen landed at Davenport Neck. The British left New Rochelle on 25 October, where they destroyed the infrastructure. After the Battle of White Plains, two days later, when, although the British had the upper hand, the Americans were able to collect under Washington is new, the area around New Rochelle was recognized as neutral.

During the 18th century New Rochelle was that in 1790 a population of 692 inhabitants possessed, to a larger village. 1.2 km ² of land were transferred in 1784 to the honorable American patriot Thomas Paine by the state of New York in recognition of his services to the independence.

19th century

1892, the New Rochelle Public Library ( Public Library ) was built at the Trinity School. In the same year Rosehill Gardens was created as one of the largest botanical gardens in the country in the 19th century. The first orchids in the United States have been cultivated here.

20th century

In New Rochelle the judicial desegregation between blacks and whites was the city council instructed because of the built exclusively for black Lincoln School by the United States Supreme Court in 1962 in the framework reassign the school districts, as they have been drawn deliberately to separate between black and white were. The Lincoln School was finally closed in 1965.


The City of New Rochelle is located on Long Iceland sound. It is the second largest city in Westchester County to Yonkers. New Rochelle is one of the major suburbs of New York City. It is about 3.5 kilometers from the Bronx away.


Sons and daughters of the town

New Rochelle in cultural performances

In the early 20th century were located in New Rochelle, the first movie studios in the United States.