Cambridge [ keɪmbɹɪdʒ ] is a city in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. It was named in honor of Cambridge, England, the city in which the founding fathers had studied (University of Cambridge ). Cambridge is known by the Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Cambridge is located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. The district was abolished in 1997 and exists today only as a geographical description. Cambridge and Lowell were the county seats of Middlesex County.
About the City
The population structure is complex, in Cambridge live a variety of people - from the Harvard professor to the poorest immigrants. This diversity contributes to the liberal atmosphere and can be compared in some ways with the university town of Berkeley, California. Due to the famous liberal policy is called the city often called " The People's Republic of Cambridge "; political organizers gather regularly at the Harvard Square subway station.
Cambridge has been called "The City of Squares", most likely because most of its main road intersections are known as " Squares". Very few " squares " have four sides. Each of these " Squares" functions as a kind of community center. These include:
- Kendall Square, formed by the junction of Broadway, Main Street and Third Street. Directly above the " Longfellow Bridge" from Boston, at the eastern end of the MIT campus. It is served by the MBTA Red Line subway. A thriving biotechnology industry has developed in this area, largely due to the energetic efforts of MIT students.
- Central Square, formed by the junction of Massachusetts Avenue, Prospect Street and Western Avenue. This is perhaps the area of Cambridge, which is an inner city the next. It is also known for its diversity of ethnic restaurants. Even in the late 1990s the area was rather run down; only in recent years it has become fashionable. Lafayette Square, formed by the junction of Massachusetts Avenue, Columbia Street, Sidney Street and Main Street, is considered part of the Central Square area.
- Harvard Square, formed by the junction of Massachusetts Avenue, Brattle Street, and JFK Street. This is the home of Harvard University, the oldest university in the United States. How Central Square has become more elegant only in recent years Harvard Square. It contains many interesting shops and has the highest concentration of bookstores per square mile in the country.
- Porter Square, about a mile up from the direction of Massachusetts Avenue Harvard, formed by the junction of Massachusetts Avenue and Somerville Avenue. It is served by the MBTA Red Line subway.
- Inman Square, at the intersection of Cambridge Street and Hampshire Street in East Cambridge.
- Lechmere Square, at the intersection of Cambridge Street and First Street, at the Galleria shopping center. It is served by the MBTA Green Line subway.
Even if you often print references to the " Boston / Cambridge Area", Cambridge preferably a preserving its own identity. This is entirely appropriate, as there are a large number of jobs in Cambridge and some parts of the city even as urban parts of Boston.
Cambridge is served by the metro line Red Line of the transport companies Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority ( MBTA ), this also provides the connection to the neighboring town of Boston; within the city operate the four lines of the trolleybus Cambridge and various bus lines, even for the road-based transport is the MBTA responsible.
In the east and south of the city of Cambridge is adjacent to Boston, to the north by Somerville and Arlington and to the west by Watertown and Belmont.
Law and government
Cambridge has a city council consisting of nine members and a six-member school committee. The city council and committee members are elected every two years based on the single- transferable -vote (STV ) system. Since the dissolution of the New York City Community School Boards in 2002, the only Board of Directors of the United States, the STF, the Council is unusually used.
The mayor is elected by and from the City Council, serves as chairman of the City Council meetings and also sits on the School Committee. However, the Mayor is not the Chief Executive of the city. That role is rather the City Manager, who is appointed by City Council.
At the booth of the census of 2000, 101 355 inhabitants, 42,615 households, and 17,599 families residing in the city. The population density is 6086.1 / km ² ( 15,766.1 / mi ²). There are 44 725 living wings at an average density of 2.685/km ² ( 6957.1 / mi ²). 68.10 % of the urban population are white, 11.92% African American, 0.29 % Native American, 11.88% Asian, 0.08 % Pacific descent, 3.19% from other origins and 4.56 % from two or more derived ethnicities. 7.36% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any origin.
There are 42,615 households out of which 17.6 % have children under 18 living with them, 29.1% are married couples living together, 9.7 % had a female householder and 58.7 % do not consist of families. 41.4 % of all households are individuals and in 9.2 % of all households live only a person who is 65 years or older. The average household size is 2.03 and the average family size is 2.83.
In the city the age distribution of the population is scattered with 13.3% under the age of 18, 21.2 % from 18 to 24, 38.6 % 25-44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.2 % with aged 65 years or more. The average age is 30 years. For every 100 females are 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 or older account for 94.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $ 47,979, and the median income for a family $ 59,423. Males have a median income of $ 43,825 compared with $ 38,489 for women. The per capita income for the city is $ 31,156. 12.9 % of the population and 8.7 % of families are below the poverty line. Among all the people living in poverty 15.1% are under 18 years old and 12.9 % 65 years or older.
Colleges and Universities
- Harvard University
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Lesley College
- Cambridge College
- Radcliffe College ( Harvard University)
Sons and daughters of the town
- Eleanor Hallowell Abbott, poet, novelist and children's book author
- Fred Allen, actor, comedian and radio host
- Leroy Anderson, composer
- Jonathan Beckwith, a biochemist, microbiologist and geneticist
- Charles Bickford, actor
- Percy Williams Bridgman, physicist and Nobel laureate
- E. E. Cummings, poet and writer
- Bill Elgart, jazz drummer
- Charles Eliot, American landscape architect
- Nnenna Freelon, Jazz singer
- David Gilmore, a jazz musician
- William Caspar gray stone, mathematicians
- Stephen Greenblatt, literary scholar
- William Dodd Hathaway, politicians
- Robert Herrick ( writer ) ( 1868-1938 ), Acting Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands
- George L. Hersey, art and architecture historian
- Edward Burlingame Hill, composer
- Johnny Hodges, alto saxophonist of the swing
- Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician and writer
- Anna Hyatt Huntington, sculptor
- Joe Hyams, journalist and writer
- Neil Leonard, author and university professor
- James Russell Lowell, poet, essayist, editor, university professor and diplomat
- Jessica Lurie, jazz musician
- Franc Luz, film actor
- Frank Lynes, composer, organist and music teacher
- Raphe Malik, free jazz trumpeter
- Anne McCaffrey, sci-fi writer
- Charles S. Peirce, mathematician, philosopher and logician
- Edward Charles Pickering, astronomer and physicist, brother of William Henry Pickering
- Douglas Preston, author
- Richard Preston, author
- Edward Royce, composer and music educator
- Russi Taylor, voice actress
- Sam Waterston, actor
- Arthur Whiting, composer, organist and pianist
- Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand