Samburu County (until 2010 Samburu District ) is a county in the Kenyan Rift Valley Province. The capital of the county is Maralal. In County 2009 223.947 people lived on 20182.5 km ². The county is one of the driest areas of Kenya, people live mainly by nomadic livestock.
The County extends from the Ewaso Nyiro to the south shore of Lake Turkana. In the county are the Samburu National Reserve and parts of the Buffalo Springs National Reserve. Samburu County has a 1400 km long road network, but no road is paved. Only four of the six division capitals have a telephone connection. In Samburu County there are only four post offices.
In the headlines of the County came in November 2012, when rustlers killed 30 policemen in an ambush out and several injured. Before the incident there had been repeatedly struggles for livestock, pasture and water.
The county is divided into councils and divisions. There are two electoral districts, Samburu East and Samburu West.