Tahoua is the capital of the region of Tahoua in Niger. It has about 147,000 inhabitants.
Tahoua is located in the Sahel region and is a city ( ville ) and community with special status ( statut particulier à commune ), which consists of two arrondissements: Tahoua Tahoua I and II, the city is made up of more than 15 old neighborhoods. These include Bilbis, Dioulanke, Garkoua, Kourfayaoua, Mareda, Nassaraoua, Tougoulaoua, Tsamaoua, Tsimitaoua and Wadata. In the north of Tahoua is the younger district Sabon Gari, which translated means " new village ". The administrative center of the city is located on a small hill north of the center. In geological terms Tahoua is in a Tertiary era the allocated area. The neighboring municipalities are Affala and Barmou in the north, Kalfou in the east, the south and Bambeye Takanamat in the West.
One of the first groups who settled in what is now Tahoua, included in the 16th century animist Azna from the Aïrgebirge from where they were expelled by the Tuareg as well as Askia Muhammad, the Muslim king of Songhai. Still continue to move south to Azna of the Hausa States Gobir and Katsina were denied. Several other groups moved into the area, including the Tuareg of the Aïrgebirge, so that the villages Bilbis and Fakaoua emerged at the turn of the 17th century: the nucleus of the town of Tahoua. By further influx occurred up to the 19th century, the other old town district, is divided into the Tahoua today.
On 4 December 1904, the city was occupied by the French by coming from Say unit under the direction of Lieutenant Figeac. 1905, the French military territory of Niger was divided into three administrative regions and determined Tahoua and Zinder Niamey next to one of the three respective management seats. This status, the city lost, however, as early as 1909 again. Tahoua was initially chief town of a circle ( cercle de Tahoua ), who was subordinate to the administrative area of Niamey. In 1909, the county seat, but was moved to Madaoua. 1967 was the fourth place Tahoua Niger to Niamey (1954 ), Zinder (1954) and Maradi (1955 ) an independent municipality levied. During the famine in the 1970s and 1980s, the city was the target of refugees. 2002 was converted to an association of municipalities ( communauté urbaine ) of two municipalities ( communes urbaines ). The municipality composite was 2010 in a city ( ville ) and community with special status ( statut particulier à commune ) and converted the existing municipalities in arrondissement.
In the 1977 census, Tahoua had 31,252 inhabitants in the census 1988 49 948 inhabitants in the 2001 census 72 446 inhabitants. In the 2012 census, the population was 147 291.
The largest ethnic group in the multiethnic city are the Hausa, added Tuareg, Fulani, Arabs and Zarma. In sparsely populated area north of the city live Wodaabe, a vollnomadische subset of the Fulbe.
Tahoua is on the one hand the goal of immigrants from other parts of the country, establishing themselves especially in the suburbs of the city. On the other hand, cause food insecurity and economic considerations to emigrate from the city across the state borders. The main destination countries of emigration are the Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroon, Togo, Benin, Algeria, and Libya.
The Prix Dan Gourmou is a biennial veranstalteter, multi-day music competition in Tahoua. It was founded in 1987. Every year in late February festival takes place Koran Bori, to be driven out at the evil spirits.
Economy and infrastructure
Tahoua is an important trading center, particularly for trade in cereals and cowpea .. The large market is every Sunday a meeting place for the various ethnic groups. A local specialty that is sold on the market is tchoukou, a flat cheese from cow's milk. More than 90 % of the population live mainly from agriculture. The dry area north of the city serves as grazing land for cattle, sheep and goats. South of the city peanuts are grown. Near Tahouas is mined phosphate. The craft activities in the city are mainly concentrated on jewelry, leather goods and shoes. The staple food is millet, followed by sorghum and cowpea. Nutritional problems occur on the one hand due to low income and on the other hand, due to poor harvests.
In Tahoua, there are 71 primary schools, nine of which are private schools. At a primary school teacher average of 28 students ( 39 nationwide ) to come. In the city there is a branch of the Abdou - Moumouni University of Niamey. Be taught banking and finance as well as accounting and business management. Tahoua is the seat of the Tribunal de Grande Instance, one of the nation's ten civil courts of first instance.
Tahoua is located on the National Road 25, which connects the cities of Niamey and Agadez, as well as on the National Road 16 after Madaoua and the National Road 29 after Badaguichiri. Tahoua is approached from all four major bus companies in the country. East of the old town is a civilian airport, the Tahoua Airport ( IATA Code: THZ, ICAO code: DRRT ).
- Mahamadou Danda (* 1951), politician, Prime Minister of Niger
- Aliou Mahamidou (1947-1996), industrialist and politician, Prime Minister of Niger