Abdolhossein Hazhir

Abdolhossein Hazhir (also Hajir; persian عبدالحسین هژیر; * 1899 in Tehran, † November 5, 1949 ) was an Iranian politician. Hazhir 1948 Prime Minister of Iran.


Abdolhossein Hazhir was born in 1899. His school training was undertaken at the Dar al - Fonoun and studied at the School of Political Sciences in Tehran.

His professional career began Hazhir as employees of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at the Iranian Embassy in the Soviet Union.

As finance minister in the cabinet of Ahmad Qavam Hazhir was involved in the construction of a social welfare organization which later emerged the royal Organization for Social Services.

On June 13, 1948 Hazhir became Prime Minister. Immediately after his appointment Hazhir was insulted by Ayatollah Kashani as an agent of British colonialism and spy. Kashani called for violent demonstrations against the new prime minister. Hazhir was commissioned by Parliament to start negotiations on a new concession for the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, which should replace the originating from the 1933 concession. Parliament wanted to achieve a higher share of the revenue from oil production for Iran. Hazhir prepared a comprehensive memorandum of 25 points. Hazhir came but even not to negotiate with the AIOC, as he was forced to resign as prime minister because of the ongoing demonstrations against him. Finance Minister of the Cabinet of Prime Minister Abbasqoli Golshaiyan Mohammad Sa'ed Maraghei led the first negotiations with the AIOC on the basis of their Hazhir paper.

After his resignation as Prime Minister Hazhir took over the office of the Court Minister. Finance Golshaiyan reported to Parliament of his negotiations with the AIOC. He had a 50% share in the profits of the AIOC, a new agreement in respect of the concession period and a review of the license conditions required every 15 years. Prime Minister Sa'ed Maraghei decided that Golshaiyan should negotiate a contract with the AIOC. At the end we reached agreement and the previous supplemental concession agreement was signed by the representatives of the AIOC Gass and Golshaiyan. Prime Minister Sa'ed Maraghei initiated this agreement to the vote of Parliament. There were heated discussions and Sa'ed Maraghei was accused of betraying the rights of the Iranian people.

On February 4, 1949, then came to a serious attempt on the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. The assassin Fakhr Arai had several shots fired at the Shah, although they hurt him, but were not fatal. As a result of the attack, the communist Tudeh Party was banned, although could not be detected, whether the perpetrators of the left or of the Islamist scene was attributable.

Three weeks after the assassination of the Shah, Parliament voted to the establishment of a Second Chamber, the Senate, too. This second chamber had already been provided for in the Constitution of 1906 but never konstitutiert. The decision to establishment of the Senate an amendment to the Article 48 of the Constitution was connected to the Shah conceded the right to dissolve parliament at any time.

The opponents of the Shah, who had already organized an assassination attempt on him, saw behind this policy Hazhir Minister of the Court, that of Kashani so hated " British spy ". Then an attempt was made to Court Minister Hazhir On November 4, 1949. Hossein Emami, a member of the Fedayeen -e Islam, who was also involved in the assassination of Ahmad Kasravis on March 11, 1946 Hazhir stabbed when he tried to enter the mosque in Tehran for an official celebration of the Sepahsalar. The following day Hazhir died of his injuries.