Ali Amini

Ali Amini (Persian علی امینی; born September 12, 1905 in Tehran, † 12 December 1992, Paris) was Prime Minister of Iran. Ali Amini was married since 1932 with Batul Vosough, the daughter of Prime Minister Hassan Vosough and niece of Prime Minister Ahmad Qavam.


Early years

Ali Amini was born on September 12, 1905 to the world. His grandfather Amin al- Dowleh had been prime minister under Mozaffar ad-Din Shah. His mother, Fakhr al - Dowleh was one of the most influential women of Kadscharenfamilie. Reza Shah should have said about the mother of Ali Amini: "She was the only man whom the Qajar have ever produced. "

Ali went to the Dar -ol Fonun High School and was classmate of Sadegh Hedayat. After high school, he went to France and studied at the University of Grenoble Jura. Ali Amini lived in France when in 1924 the Qajar dynasty in front of Iranian parliament and deposed Reza Pahlavi had been appointed as the new Shah.

After his return to Iran, he worked for Ali -Akbar Davar in the Ministry of Justice. A little later Amini returned to France to do a doctorate in economics. In 1931 he went back to Iran and also work this time for Davar, now as an employee of the Ministry of Finance.

After the Anglo - Soviet invasion of Iran in 1942 was Ali Amini deputy prime minister under Ahmad Qavam, the uncle of the wife of Amini. In 1951, Amini Minister in the first Cabinet of Mossadegh, but lost his post after a cabinet reshuffle.

From 1956 to 1958, Amini ambassador to the United States.

Prime minister

On May 6, 1961 Amini became Prime Minister. The Office, which he had sought so long, he should, however, retain only a short time. After just one year Amini was replaced by Asadollah Alam.

The Cabinet of Ali Amini was the first cabinet, which had an official consultant for religious question. Amini tried the clergy in the government's work to involve. He even went personally to Qom and met with Khomeini. Khomeini strongly criticized the government practices and denounced in particular the school policy on which he accused, " to produce infidels." The discussion did not lead to convergence of different points of view.

Amini was the last prime minister, who was able to implement largely independent of the decisions of Mohammad Reza Shah 's political ideas. Amini tried to strengthen the rights of the Prime Minister and to limit the influence of the Regent on his verfassungemäße role of a constitutional monarch. Amini sought not only reconciliation with the clergy. He wanted to include politicians of the National Front in his government work with in order to create a " government of national reconciliation." So he chose as Justice Minister Nur al -Din Alamuti, a former leading member of the Communist Party of Iran. To the Minister of Education, he appointed Mohammad Derakscheh, a leading member of the influential teachers' union.

One of the most important domestic policy decisions of the government Amini was the dismissal of the director of SAVAK General Teymur Bakhtiar. Bakhtiar was already the longer suspected of preparing a coup against the Shah, and hardly Bakhtiar was released, he began to oppose even openly against Mohammad Reza Shah.

The replacement of the government Amini should be triggered by the travel Mohammad Reza Shah to the United States to President Kennedy. Kennedy, who was critical of the Shah and warned us urgently reforms, said that Amini " consumed " and that younger forces would take over the government's work in Iran. After returning Mohammad Reza Shah in Iran arose between Amini and Mohammad Reza Shah to a dispute over the amount of the defense budget in the course of Amini offered his resignation. To his surprise, Mohammad Reza Shah took the resignation offer without hesitation. As of July 19, 1962 Ali Amini was no longer Prime Minister of Iran.

Amini hoped out, however, to be appointed quickly to a government position and invited in the aftermath constantly leading Iranian politicians in his home for political talks a. However, the hopes Amini should not be fulfilled.

In the late 1970s, Amini was then to take over once again for a short time in conversation, the Office of the Prime Minister to form a government of national reconciliation. With an age of seventy years, Amini, however, was no longer able to impending changes and was therefore not considered.


After the Islamic Revolution Ali Amini left Iran in the firm belief that he could return to his home after a short time again. It should be a farewell forever.

In exile Amini tried an opposition group against the Islamic Republic of Iran to create, and collect a variety of forces under the banner of "national reconciliation for the liberation of Iran ". But then it was announced that Amini was supported with $ 100,000 a month by the CIA, and thus his credibility had been seriously damaged as an honest broker of the national interests of Iran, Amini ended his activities as an exile politicians.

On December 12, 1992 Ali Amini died in Paris.