Mehdi Qoli Hedayat

Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat Mokhber al Saltaneh (Persian مهدیقلی خان هدایت مخبرالسلطنه; * 1864, † 1955) was an Iranian politician and Prime Minister from 1927 to 1933.


Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat comes from a prominent family of Iran, from the end of the 18th century, numerous senior government officials and politicians have emerged. His grandfather Reza Qoli Khan Hedayat, was regarded as one of the men most comprehensively educated of his time and recognized poets of his country, and served as tutor to the princes, as a diplomat, as deputy director of the first modern and oriented Western-style institution of higher learning, the Dar al - Fonoun, as well as a renowned historian. Morteza Qoli Khan Hedayat His brother was the first president of the Iranian parliament.

Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat was taught by private tutors in Tehran and later sent to attend a German school in Berlin. He began his career as an official in Iran's telegraph office, which was led by his father Ali Khan Hedayat Gholi Mokhber -al- Dowleh. Later he became treasurer of Naser al -Din Shah. From 1903 to 1905 he went on a world tour that took him from Iran to Europe, the United States, Japan, China, India and Russia.

After his return to Iran, he supported the Constitutional Revolution and participated in the drafting of the Constitution and the electoral laws. Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat, 1907 Minister of Education and Minister of Justice in 1908. In the same year he took over the post of the governor of Azerbaijan, but was released by Mohammed Ali Shah during the "short period of dictatorship " from his office because he was considered a sympathizer of the constitutional movement. Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat was a member of the Democratic Party.

After the overthrow of Mohammad Ali Shah, he again took up his post as governor of Azerbaijan, which met with bitter resistance from the Russian government. Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat resigned and went to Berlin.

It was not until 1912 he returned from Germany back to Iran, took some post as minister in various cabinets and was with the approval of the British government governor of Fars, as the British thought he was anti- Russian.

After the outbreak of the First World War, he had to give up his governorship again for his alleged pro-German attitude at the insistence of the British. After the end of World War Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat was appointed in 1920 by Prime Minister Hassan Pirnia again as governor of Azerbaijan.

In the domestic political crisis in 1923, the Iran gave four prime minister, Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat entered the cabinet of Hassan Mostofi as the Minister of Public Works.

On October 28, 1923 Reza Khan was elected as Prime Minister and on December 26, 1925 Shah Reza Pahlavi of the Iranian parliament. After initially Reza Shah Mohammad Ali Foroughi and later Hassan Mostofi had proposed to the Parliament as Prime Minister, took over on June 2, 1927 Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat this post for the next six years. Although Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat was prime minister, but the power was in the hands of Minister of the Court Abdolhossein Teymourtash, the close confidant of Reza Shah.

Under Prime Minister Hedayat Iran should be developed from a feudal agricultural country into a modern industrial state. Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat was in his time as Prime Minister four cabinets before, the full social, economic, legal and military reforms began. A public education and basic health care was introduced. State courts came off spiritual jurisdiction. Hedayat announced the 1932 concluded with William Knox D' Arcy oil production concession and signed a new concession, Iran zubilligte a higher share of the proceeds of oil production.

On September 12, 1933 Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat was summoned with his entire cabinet of Reza Shah and asked to resign. His successor, Mohammad Ali Foroughi should be, who held the post of Prime Minister in 1925 under Reza Shah.

Mehdi Qoli Khan Hedayat retired after 39 years from the civil service and retired into private life.