Fazlollah Zahedi

Fazlollah Zahedi (Persian فضلالله زاهدی; * 1897 in Hamadan, † 1 or September 2, 1963 in Geneva) was a general, politician and Prime Minister of Iran.


Zahedi appeared in 1916 in the Persian Cossack Brigade, a. After several months of military training in Tehran, he was classified as a lieutenant and served under Reza Khan, later Reza Shah Pahlavi initially in the fight against Dschangali movement led by Mirza Kutschak Khan and Iranian Bolsheviks, who had proclaimed an Iranian Soviet Republic in Gilan. In 1921, he was severely wounded during the fighting in Azerbaijan. In 1922 he was promoted to Major General. A year later he plays led by Ismail Simko, who wanted to establish a Kurdish Republic in June 1922 a leading role in the suppression of a Kurdish uprising. He then receives the highest military award of Iran, the Zolfaghar Order. In 1923 he received the command of the Fars Brigade. In 1926 he was transferred to Rasht and there commanded the brigade. 1929 Zahedi was arrested and sentenced to one year in prison for negligence on duty. After his release from prison, he gets 1931 on probation the post of police chief of Tehran. As can be proven complicit in the successful escape of several prisoners, he is finally released in 1931 initially from military service, but later pardoned and reinstated in the rank of general.

1941 Zahedi is again discharged from the army shortly before the departure of Reza Shah for indiscipline. Because of its pro-German attitude he gets after the Anglo - Soviet invasion of Iran in 1943 in captivity and was interned by the British in a prison camp in Palestine. After the end of World War II Zahedi 1945 is released. He is chief of police in Tehran in 1949. Politically, he supports the National Front.

Under the first policy Mohammad Mossadegh Zahedi is Minister of the Interior, but it comes as Gérard de Villiers writes, at a fraction due to the attempts at achieving Mossadegh with the Tudeh Party of Iran, because Zahedi, the large estates owned, was a strict anti-communist. After his break with Mossadegh was Zahedi member of the " Committee for the Salvation of the Fatherland " ( Komitah -e - Najat e Vatan ), a resistance movement among Iranian officers and civilians.

1953 coup

Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi instructed the Mossadegh 's opponents Zahedi, take over his post as Prime Minister. The decree of August 13, 1953 should be the starting point of the Operation Ajax, and was worded as follows:


In April 1955, Zahedi asked the Shah to his resignation with the words

Then Zahedi is sent to the Persian representatives of the UN to Geneva, where he died. Conjectures, which Zahedi could have had " conspiratorial intentions," and therefore, the Shah sent a message indirectly Zahedi, he should resign, de Villiers describes with increased activities Zahedi, after the fall Mossadegh did not like the experience suspicious Shah.